Thought for the day
The Central Public Sector Enterprises were set up with the purpose of promoting “national interest” and “public investments in large industries” – something which could not be done by the private sector. This was done way back in the 1960s and 70s.
Forty years on, a lot has changed in the economic and business environments. Private sector lead by Reliance, Tatas and Bharti Group has surged ahead and shown them quite capable of setting up and handling global scale industries. Even the holy grail of “Defense” production is now being handed over slowly to Indian private sector firms. So why should GoI own large swathes of sectors like Oil & Gas, steel, other metal producers, telecom, banks, FMCG, pharma, even Indian Railways? In fact govt. ownership has actually allowed a lot of firms to fall back and wither away in terms of competitiveness and financial health (Air India!!??).
The GoI appears to be relooking at our national “family silver” in this new environment and gearing up to repurpose our CPSEs. We feel the main purposes now should be:
- Just retain a few PSUs of strategic and national importance in the long run.
- Wherever the CPSE is in good health, is listed, and serves no major national interest, monetize these assets quickly. This can be through dividends, divestment and/or strategic sales (like Maruti !!??).
- Improve the health of the others, and set them up for listing, divestment and/or strategic sales.
The Capital Restructuring:
The Central Govt. has issued comprehensive guidelines on capital restructuring of CPSEs by way of buyback, dividends, issue of bonus and splitting of shares to rake in more revenue. The finance ministry issued fresh norms which are as follows:
- CPSEs having surplus cash can no longer invest funds in FD’s in banks, which generate a poor post-tax return of 4-5%. Every CPSE having net worth greater than Rs 2,000 crores and cash & bank balance of over Rs 1,000 cr. would have to buy back their shares.
- Related to dividend, the new guidelines mandate that every CPSE would have to pay a minimum annual dividend of 30% of PAT or 5% of the net worth (whichever is higher) subject to the maximum dividend permitted under the current regulations.
- CPSE’s will have to issue bonus shares if their reserves and surplus is equal to or more than 10 times of its paid up capital. Further, all CPSEs have to consider issue of bonus shares if their reserves and surplus are more than 5 times of the paid up capital.
- The order has replaced the general guidelines on splitting of shares, by mandating that every CPSE, whose market price or book value of its share exceeds 50 times of its face value, will have to split its shares to make it affordable for retail investors. (Source Financial Express)
A quick look at some of the CPSEs we track reveals that many of these firms meet the stated criteria. The chart indicates likely corporate action by these PSUs.
- In green are the firms that pass the criteria for the corporate action.
- We have also calculated the dividend payable threshold, in crores, for the firms per these guidelines. It is still subject to the maximum dividend permitted regulations.
- Most of these new norms are very good and uniformly benefit all shareholders. Buy backs improve the Earnings per Share of the firm, and should soon raise their market prices. Dividends, splits and bonuses are shared by both GoI promoters and all other shareholders.
- This is also superior to the Follow on Public Offer method of encashing the GoI’s PSU shareholding, which was damaging to the share price and generally manipulated by the market participants.
- Funds raised from these divestments/ sales should be used for infrastructure, education and capital expenditures rather than mere funding of deficits. Of course one can only hope for this kind of discipline from the GoI.
The real challenge before the government is to decide if it wants the CPSEs to become:
- Independent institution and public owned firms, like ITC and L&T, benefiting the broad investing public, or
- Owned by strategic partners/ new owners, like Maruti Suzuki, where they take over the firm for a large ownership premium, benefiting the coffers of GoI.
Either way, I have a feeling the CPSEs, PSUs and who knows, maybe even PSBs, may once again become valuable for the public shareholders !!
JAINMATRIX KNOWLEDGE BASE
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This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an Investment Advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst (SEBI Registration No. INH200002747) under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments firstname.lastname@example.org.