IRB Infra Developers – In InvIT we Trust

  • Date 25th July 2017
  • CMP: Rs 217
  • Mid Cap with Rs 7,600 cr. Mkt Cap
  • Industry – Infra/ Roads
  • Advice: BUY

Summary

  • Overview: IRB Infra is a top 5 roads & highway construction firm. It has a good portfolio of legacy and current projects, including Mumbai-Pune expressway and Ahmedabad – Vadodara highway. The 10 year growth in revenues, EBITDA and profits are 25.1%, 23.8% and 21.2% CAGR resp. With tight internal financial controls, this is a well-run business. They bid for larger BOT road projects and are able to execute successfully and within timelines.
  • Why Buy Now: 1) With the IPO of the IRB InvIT, IRB’s debt to equity fell from 3:1 to 1.8:1. The firm will now move to a more profitable period. 2) The sector outlook is good with revival of many stuck road projects, good budget allocations and a fast moving ministry 3) Attractive valuations.
  • Key risks are: 1) Political and legal risks of this sector. Criminal investigations pending against the top IRB executives 2) Periodic protests against toll collection on some roads.
  • Advice: The valuations are attractive at a P/E ratio of 9.9. IRB is a Medium Risk, High Gain stock. BUY with a 2 year perspective.

Additional Notes

  • A report on IRB was published for paying subscribers in Apr 2016.  We revisit the firm as it is once again attractive at these levels.
  • SIGN UP for the investment service subscription to gain exclusive access to such high quality investment reports.
  • We’ve been tracking this firm for 5 years, see our 2012 report – IRB Infra Developers – A Rising Road Star  

Here is a note on IRB Infrastructure Developers (IRB).

IRB Infrastructure Developers – Description and Profile

  • IRB is a Mumbai based road construction firm which does EPC and BOT projects.
  • FY17 revenues were Rs 5,846 crores & PAT 715 cr. The Revenues, EBITDA and Profits grew by 25.1%, 23.8% and 21.2% CAGR over 10 years.
  • IRB constructs Highways. The revenue segments are EPC (60%) and BOT (40%). It developed India’s first BOT project (Thane Bhiwandi Bypass) and operates Mumbai – Pune expressway. It has one of the largest BOT portfolios as it has constructed 11,828 km. of road so far. It has a 20% share in the golden quadrilateral (highways between 4 metros).
  • IRB has 6,000 employees. The order book stands at Rs. 9,959 cr. (FY17).
  • IRB operates in 2 models, BOT and EPC. The govt. in FY16 launched the hybrid annuity model, however IRB intends to focus on BOT toll road projects.
  • IRB launched India’s first Infrastructure Investment Trust (InvIT) in May 2017 which had an IPO. Through the trust, IRB (Sponsor) is holding 6 operational NHAI toll road assets with 3,645 lane km of highways across 5 states in west and south India. These assets are operational and generate income through inflation-linked tariff hikes. InvIT Investors are expected to be offered returns in the form of dividend, interest and buyback for holding units in the InvIT. The IRB InvIT CMP is Rs 97.5.
  • Leadership is V Mhaiskar (CMD), Ajay Deshmukh (CEO), and Anil Yadav (CFO)
  • Shareholding pattern % is: Promoters 57.4%, DII 7.4; QFIs 27.9, Individuals 4.4, others 2.9%.

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

Fig 1 – FY17 Order Book/ Fig 2 – State wise BOT portfolio

Business Model

  • In Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) it constructs a road and then maintains it for a ‘concession’ period (15-30 years) while collecting toll, before handing it back to the govt. BOT projects involve upfront premium payment; revenues start once toll collection starts, and construction is internally funded, so loans have to be tied up (financial closure).
  • The Engg., Procurement and Construction (EPC) model involves the construction firm executing the project and collecting payments on achieving milestones of quantity and quality. On completion, the firm hands over the asset and collects all payments.
  • However the BOT model which was common earlier has faced high failure rates recently. To revive the road sector, the govt. decided to switch back to the proven EPC model. In Apr 2015, the govt. launched a hybrid annuity model. Under this, the govt. provides 40% of the project cost to the developer to start work while the remaining investment will be made by the developer.

IRB Infrastructure Investment Trust (InvIT) IPO

  • SEBI introduced infrastructure investment trust (InvIT) regulations keeping in mind the huge funding needs for infra.  InvIT enables developer-owners of infra assets to monetize their assets by pooling projects into a Trust, having an IPO and attracting better investors.
  • InvITs have to distribute 90% of their net cash flows to the unit investors. There is a cap on exposure to under-construction assets for publicly placed InvITs. The sponsor of the InvIT is responsible for setting up the InvIT and appointing the trustee. The sponsor (say IRB) has to hold minimum 15% of the units issued by the InvIT with a lock-in period of 3 years from the date of issuance. The InvIT regulations specify 80% of investments in completed and revenue-generating assets.
  • The IPO of IRB InvIT Fund opened on 3rd May, 2017. IRB InvIT was the first Indian company to list an InvIT. It was subscribed 8.57 times. Institutional investors who participated in the anchor book allocation included foreign investors such as the govt. of Singapore, Schroder Asian Asset Income Fund, Deutsche Global Infra Fund and Jupiter South Asia Investment Co. as well as DIIs such as Birla Sun Life MF, HDFC Standard Life and Birla Sun Life Insurance.
  • IRB received Rs. 2,600 cr. for sale of equity in 6 project SVP’s transferred to IRB InvIT fund. The consideration was as follows: 1) Rs. 1,681 cr. upfront 2) Units in IRB InvIT Fund worth 889 cr.
  • The funds will be used for new projects and to reduce debt. Post the launch of InvIT, IRB’s net debt to equity fell from 3:1 to 1.8:1. IRB expects a rating upgrade because of the same.
  • The following operational project assets were transferred to the InvIT:

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

Exhibit 3 – Operational projects transferred to IRB InvIT

  • InvITs have a minimum investment limit of Rs. 10 lakh per investor. The InvIT generates income on these assets is in the form of toll collection from road assets and interest on cash in the books. The Trust distributes at least 90% of this cash to the unit holders in the form of dividend, which is tax free. The dividend yield was estimated to be close to 12% at the upper price band of IPO (Rs. 102).
  • IRB has a 15% stake in IRB InvIT. Future projects by IRB can also be sold to InvIT.

Industry Outlook

  • The transport sector constitutes 6% of the country’s GDP. India has an extensive road network of 33.4 lakh kms. which is the 2nd largest in the world.
  • According to the 12th Five Year Plan, India transports 57% of goods by road, as compared to 22% in China and 37% in USA. Despite the performance of the road transport sector, the sector faces slow technological development, low energy efficiency, pollution and slow movement of freight and passenger traffic. GoI has now launched an initiatives to upgrade & strengthen highways.
  • There are 96,261 km of national highways in India, constituting less than 2% of India’s entire road network but carrying approximately 40% of total road traffic.
  • The National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) and the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways had sanctioned projects for 3,161 km’s in 2014-15. & 2,337 km’s in 2015-16. A solid 10,098 km’s and 16,031 km’s, respectively, were awarded during FY16 and FY17.
  • The list of Peers of IRB is over 50 Listed firms, plus diversified and unlisted firms. Competition includes Reliance Infra, Jaypee Infra, IL&FS Transportation, GMR Infra, Lanco Infra, L&T, IVRCL, Ashoka Buildcon, etc. However in the BOT segment, we believe qualified firms are few.
  • Our quick estimate is that IRB has about 4-6% market share, by revenues. In terms of quality of projects and proven expertise, IRB definitely falls in the top 5.
  • For FY16, an outlay of US$3.8 bn. was provided for the highway sector.

Business Notes, Recent events and Strategies

  • Recently after the listing of IRB InvIT, other sector players like GMR, IL&FS Transp. Networks and L&T also plan to set up their InvITs.
  • The Q1 FY18 Revenues and PAT were Rs 1870 cr. (up 21% YoY), and 238 cr. (up 31% YoY) resp. The results were good largely on account of execution pickup and InvIT listing.
  • D/E Ratio is reduced from 3:1 to approx. 1.8:1; this may lead to a credit rating upgrade. IRB had declared an Interim Dividend of Rs. 2.5/- per share for FY18. The board approved offering of Pathankot – Amritsar project to IRB InvIT Fund.
  • IRB and MSMRM were registered under a case for not taking safety measures while carrying out widening work on NH66 in March 2016.
  • In Jan 2016 IRB bagged the Rs.10,050 cr. Zojila Pass tunnel road project in J&K, the country’s biggest road project. But in Mar 2016 the project was cancelled, due to some political issues. Now the project has opened for re-bidding. Reliance Infra, Jaypee Infra, IL&FS Trans. and L&T are bidding.
  • In Nov 2016, currency notes of 500/- and 1000/- were demonetized and the govt suspended the user fee collection on National Highways from 09th Nov to 2nd Dec 2016. NHAI had later said that they would compensate infra companies for the loss of toll collections. IRB received Rs. 30-35 cr. cash compensation in Q3 FY17 itself which was adjusted against payment to NHAI. A similar amount of compensation is expected to be received soon.
  • IRB has guided that revenue and EBITDA would be flat for FY18 as 6 operational assets have been transferred to the InvIT, however PAT may go up because of reduction in interest payment on lower debt. IRB has also guided that they have identified 18,000 cr. of projects where they are qualified to bid and they will do so as and when it comes up for bidding.
  • They have guided a 6-7% traffic growth in FY18 and a 10% revenue growth in construction order book for FY18. Also a 2-2.5% inflation in ticket prices could be witnessed.
  • IRB approved acquisition of 34% stake in its arm Aryan Infrastructure Investments Pvt Ltd (AIIPL) from promoters to make it a wholly-owned subsidiary in Mar 2017.
  • About 0.14% of the equity base has been pledged by the Promotor & Promoter Group.

Stock evaluation, Performance and Returns

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

Fig 4 – Price History / Fig 5 – Quarterly Financials 

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

 

  • The price history in Fig 4 shows that the share price had touched a 1 year high of Rs. 272.
  • This was ahead of the launch of the InvIT and the share had a low of Rs. 178 post demonetization. The share price is currently 21.7% below the peak and 19.7% above the low.
  • Investors in IRB have got a return of 9.7% CAGR over 5 years and -4.5% CAGR in the last 2 years.
  • Revenues, EBITDA and Profits of IRB are up by 25.1%, 23.8% and 21.2% CAGR over 10 yrs., see Fig 5. EBITDA is in 50% range while Profit margins are in 12% range.
  • Fig 6 indicates Free Cash Flows for the period FY09-16. The company has not been able to generate free cash flows to equity shareholders given the nature of business. This is a negative. However the cash flow situation should improve as the capital investments get freed under the InvIT ownership.
  • Current P/E is 9.9 of TTM earnings, while the Price/ Book is 1.35 times. This is low and attractive.
  • Debt equity ratio is 1.8:1 (May 2017) which has reduced drastically after the launch of InvIT.
  • Beta of the stock is 2.12 (Reuters) indicating high volatility. Thus any positive or negative news can move the share price sharply in those directions.
  • Dividend yield of 1.88% currently is good as compared to its peers.

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

Fig 6 – Cash Flow / Fig 7 – Booked to Billing ratio

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

  • The Orders Booked to Billing ratio (BTB) for IRB is in Fig 7. Order Booked position at IRB was 9,959 cr. (FY17), and the 1.7 years of Booked to Billings is low. This may improve in the near time. The Zojila tunnel project cancellation severely impacted the ratio. IRB has guided that there are Rs 18,000 cr. of projects where they are qualified to bid and they will do so as and when it comes up for bidding.
  • The PE ratio has a historical range of 5-25 over 9 years, and the average is 15 times. It is now at 9.9 (Fig 8) and so IRB appears undervalued. The EPS charts in Fig 9 shows that EPS grew rapidly in 2008-11, then flattened out in the high interest rate / low economic growth situation of 2011-14 and now appears to be recovering on the backdrop of govt. initiatives coupled with favorable macro-economic factors. The recent fall in PE is caused by good growth in EPS and flat market price range.

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

Fig 8 – Price and PE graph / Fig 9 – Price and EPS graph

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

 Strengths of IRB

  • IRB has a good reputation with high quality BOT assets and financial and execution capabilities.
  • The InvIT model is excellent for IRB to monetize its operational BOT assets. With the only successful InvIT in India in place, IRB has been able to reduce debt substantially. BOT assets will also attract right investors who are looking for steady returns over 10-30 years.
  • IRB is in a unique position to sharply focus on construction efficiencies. With a sharp reduction in debt and improvement in reserves, IRB is in a position to reduce interest costs compared to earlier and to bid for new BOT projects without funding constraints.
  • IRB has a diversified project portfolio and revenue base currently spread over 8 states.
  • Current valuations look very attractive for fresh investments.
  • The Roads sector is on a big upswing with NHAI and govt. ramping up on an infra push.

Weaknesses and risks with IRB

  • Even at 1.8 times, D/E is high for IRB, and the focus needs to be to sell assets to the InvIT.
  • In BOT projects, toll revenues depend on toll receipts, which, in turn, depend on toll fees and traffic volumes on the toll roads, and factors which may be outside of IRB’s control, including, fuel prices in India, the frequency of traveller use, the number and affordability of automobiles etc.
  • There is a 2009 pending criminal investigation – a case was registered at Lonavala police station against IRB top executives, alleging illegal purchase of govt. land in villages Pimploli & Ozarde, District Pune on the basis of fake and forged documents. Later on 13th Jan 2010, the related RTI Activist was murdered. In the event that there is any adverse finding in the land acquisition matter or in the murder case, the reputation of the IRB and its business may be adversely affected. However roads is a tough sector, and there will be much litigation as part of the business.
  • Political and legal risks are high in this sector.
  • There have been periodic protests against toll collection on some roads.
  • So far, IRB has only bid for larger and more profitable projects. In future, to keep its growth trajectory in place, it will have to bid aggressively for more projects.
  • So far IRB has been strong in West India: Mah., Raj. & Guj. It has to develop a more national profile.

Benchmarking

In a Benchmarking exercise, we have compared IRB to other infra companies, in Exhibit 10.

irb infra, jainmatrix investments

Exhibit 10 – Benchmarking

  • We can see that a few of the companies in the roads sector are in financial distress. We added Adani Ports to bring in the perspective of a well-run Indian infra company.
  • IRB stock appears to be on the attractive side in terms of P/E and to a lesser extent P/B.
  • It also leads on margins. It has performed average in terms of growth of sales and profits. However this can change with a good business outlook. Dividend yield is good. Asset turnover may improve as more operational BOT projects are handed over to InvIT.

Opinion, Outlook and Recommendation

  • There is an urgent need to upgrade Indian infrastructure such as roads and highways. This was reflected in the Feb 2017 Indian budget announcements. We can see that on one side highways have improved a lot in the last decade. At the same time it seems that in a short while after new roads are opened, they seem to be crowded and used to capacity!!
  • The sector is seeing clear signs of improvement with the govt. making progress in reviving old stuck projects as well as opening bidding for many new ones.
  • IRB has a good reputation in the roads sector, with an excellent portfolio. It bids for larger projects and is able to execute within timelines. It is well managed financially with a fair balance sheet.
  • The roads sector recovery has been slow so far with bottlenecks, but we believe that the introduction of the InvIT structure is a game changer.
  • IRB is the first to successfully launch InvIT fund. It has been able to bring down the debt which will help in freeing up capital for fresh investments. In the last 3 years, the average earnings growth stands at 16% p.a. Reduced interest cost, traffic volume growth and faster churn of new projects is likely to aid earnings growth.
  • The valuations are attractive at a P/E ratio of 9.9.
  • IRB is a Medium Risk, High Gain stock. BUY with a 2 year investment horizon.

Disclaimer

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Punit Jain has been a long term investor in IRB Infra since Feb 2008. Other than this, JM has no known financial interests in IRB Infra or any related group. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an Investment Advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

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IndiGo Airways – Flying High, Wide and Handsome

  • Date: 30th May, 2017
  • CMP: Rs 1,060
  • Advice: HOLD
  • Industry – Airlines
  • Large Cap – 38,500 cr. mkt cap 

Overview:

  • Overview: IndiGo is the market leader in Indian aviation with a low cost carrier model. They have a leading domestic market share of 40.4%. The revenue and profit were Rs 19,370 crores and Rs 1,659 cr. resp. for FY17. The Income, EBITDA and profits have grown 32.7%, 25.6% and 19.4% CAGR over 8 years. Aggressive growth plans are in place for capacity addition.
  • Key risks: 1) Competition has intensified in the domestic market, weakening pricing power 2) A sharp rise in fuel prices is a risk to profitability. As a result EPS has reduced recently.
  • Opinion: The valuations are rich currently and hence investors are advised to HOLD the stock until earnings recovery process begins.

On 5th Feb, 2016 we had published a report for subscribers for a BUY call at Rs. 829 after sharp share price fall on account of a one-time event. The share price is up 21.8% since then and is now being released for public viewing. SIGN UP for the investment service subscription to gain exclusive access to such high quality investment reports.

Here is a note on the IndiGo Airlines (IGO).

Description and Profile

  • IndiGo is a low-cost carrier airline based in Gurgaon, India in operation since 2006,.
  • IGO’s revenue and profit were Rs 19,370 crores and Rs 1,659 cr. resp. for FY17.
  • Market share based on passenger volume was 40.4% in FY17 for the domestic market.
  • Owned by InterGlobe Enterprises, IGO operates 896 daily flights to 44 destinations including 6 abroad of Bangkok, Dubai, Kathmandu, Muscat, Singapore and Doha. It has its primary hub at Indira Gandhi Intl. Airport, Delhi and operates 131 aircrafts all of which are Airbus A320.
  • IGO’s domestic ASKs (Available Seat-Km.) increased from 530 crore (FY09) to 5458 crore in FY17, growing at 33.8% CAGR. It has an aggressive growth plan, with a current order book of 400 A320 neo aircrafts.
  • IGO added 5 new aircrafts in Q4 FY17. It is also venturing into regional routes, and has signed a term sheet for the purchase of 50 ATR’s (small aircraft). Deliveries will start in Q3 FY17, and by FY19, it will be a fleet of 20 ATRs.
  • IGO’s maintenance costs are the lowest among Indian carriers.
  • Leadership team is Aditya Ghosh (President), Riyaz Mohamed (Aircraft Acquisition/ Financing), Ankur Goel (Director) and Rohit Philip (CFO).
  • Shareholding in % is: Promoters 85.88, QFI’s 6.42, DII 1.65, Individuals 3.40 & others 2.65.

Business Notes, Strategies and Events

  • IGO declared a final dividend of Rs 34/share which is a payout ratio of 90% and yield 1.4%.
  • IGO plans to use ATR-72 planes to feed its mainline network in a hub and spoke model. Recently it announced a provisional order for 50 ATR-72 planes valued at $1.3 bn. IGO expects deliveries to commence from 2017-end. The new aircrafts will be used to launch flights under the government’s regional air connectivity scheme, UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik).
  • IGO reported a 24.6% fall in the Q4 FY17 net profit at Rs 440.2 cr. against Rs. 583.7 cr. posted during the same period last year. Its total income was up 18.5% at Rs. 4,848.2 cr. against Rs 4,090.6 cr. YoY. The PAT fell sharply on account of higher fuel prices.
  • IGO recently partnered with Australian flight training institute, Flight Training Adelaide (FTA), to provide training to its pilot cadets.
  • The management of IGO is looking to convert some of its Airbus A320neo planes to A321neos that will allow it to fly more passengers per flight and increase flight range.
  • Engine Problem: Pratt & Whitney 1100G engines of Airbus A320 neo faced technical issues recently. The engine is facing twin problems. One in the combustion chamber and the other is with the third bearing of the engine. IGO executives expect A320 neo engine-maker Pratt & Whitney to provide a solution to the combustion chamber problem by Q4 2018.

Indian Aviation Industry Review

  • The Indian aviation industry is the 9th largest market globally. Total passenger traffic stood at 22.36 cr. in 2016 and there were 85 international airlines connecting to over 40 countries.
  • In terms of number of seats per capita, India is quite low – India has 0.08 domestic seats per capita, while Philippines (0.29), China (0.31), Indonesia (0.41) and Thailand (0.48) are much higher. (FY15)
  • Domestic air passenger volumes are likely to grow 25% for FY18.
  • The Airline industry is a very tough globally, characterized by high airplane costs (the Airbus and Boeing duopoly), high fuel costs, parking, airport and MRO charges. Costs are largely fixed. On the other hand, demand is cyclical and varies by season & economic cycle.
  • Anecdotal evidence shows that the sector is a destroyer of value. Many countries support their national carriers, even though there are losses, as it may be a matter of national prestige.
  • Industry market shares in Mar 2017 are presented in Fig 2. (Source DGCA).

jainmatrix investments, indigo

Fig 1 Industry Market Shares /Fig 2 – IGO Operational revenues

  • The Indian aviation industry has been aided by a slow moving Indian Railways, that is losing market share, had weak capacity growth, poor passenger service levels and slow trains.
  • Indian aviation is expected to become the 3rd largest market by 2020. Indian carriers plan to increase their fleet to 800 aircrafts by 2020. (Source: GoI/ DIPP).
  • A number of foreign investors are present in India including Airbus, Boeing, AirAsia, Singapore Airlines, Rolls Royce, Frankfurt Airport Services, Honeywell Aerospace, Malaysia Airports Holdings, GE Aviation, Airports Company South Africa and Alcoa Aerospace.
  • Indian aviation is experiencing dramatic growth with the emergence of LCC, as well as new carriers, and a growing middle class ready to travel by air for business and leisure.
  • Growth in airlines is causing demand growth for MRO (maintenance, repair and overhaul) facilities. Indian authorities plan to double the number of airports to 250 by 2030.
  • The failure of Kingfisher Air indicates the market is not ready to pay prices of 2-3X of LCC tickets.

Stock Evaluation, Performance and Returns

jainmatrix investments, indigo airways

Fig 3 – Price History

  • See price history detailed in Fig 3. The IPO was in Nov 2016, at an issue price of Rs. 765, and the share price has appreciated 38% generating good returns.
  • We can see that the share price had an all-time high of Rs 1,396 in Jan 2016 and a low of Rs. 702 in Feb 2016. Today the share price is 31.7% below the peak and 51% above the low.

jainmatrix investments, indigo airways

Fig 4 – Indigo financial performance

  • The annual and quarterly financials of IGO in Fig 4 reveal a steady increase in revenues. Margins and PAT have fallen in FY17 on account of high crude prices.
  • The Income, EBITDA and profits have grown 32.7%, 25.6% and 19.4% CAGR over 8 years.
  • The total debt by end FY17 was Rs. 2,596 cr. The entire debt for IGO is aircraft related. IGO does not have any working capital debt. The D/E of the firm is high at 3.16 times. This is a negative.
  • The margins are moderate with Operating and Profit margins at 15.1% and 8.6% for FY17.

jainmatrix investments, indigo airways

Fig 5 – Cash Flow Position 

jainmatrix investments, indigo airlines

Fig 6 – Price and PE graph / Fig 7 – Price and EPS graph

  • The business has generated free cash flows throughout in the last 6 years. This is a positive.
  • The share has traded at an average PE of 18.12 times since listing. Today it is at 24.70 times, so valuations are above historical average. See Fig 6. However trading history is short.
  • The EPS TTM has fallen in the recent quarters, see Fig 7. This is on account of fall in demand post demonetization, higher fuel costs & engine rentals and greater competition.

jainmatrix investments, indigo airways

Fig 8 – Financial Metrics

  • In the airlines sector, fuel costs are a significant proportion of overall revenues. In this context, we can see IGO’s ratio has been volatile and is high currently. See Fig 8. The aircraft fuel expenses and engine rentals have risen sharply in 2 years. The load factor has been flat over the last 8 quarters.
  • From the chart below we can see that the yield has fallen significantly over the last 8 quarters. In the recent quarter, the yield was impacted on account of fall in consumer spending post demonetization. However the management in confident of fast recovery in yields. See Fig 8.
  • With load factor 86.1% recently and rising, IGO is performing impressively.

Benchmarking

jainmatrix investments, indigo airlines

Exhibit 9 – Benchmarking

We benchmark IGO against listed peers and an Infra asset firm. Based on Exhibit 9, we conclude:

  • Sales and PAT Growth has been impressive at IGO over the last 3 years.
  • Debt is high and that is expected in this industry. With cash flow improving in recent quarters, we can expect that they would be able to control debt while investing in capacities.
  • Margins are moderate, however leading amongst the listed Indian peers. Dividend yield is high. This is positive. The valuations appear expensive, both in terms of P/E and P/B ratio.

Positives of the firm

  • IGO dominates with a large market share in one of the largest & fastest growing aviation markets.
  • It’s a successful implementation of the LCC business model with single aircraft type, high aircraft utilization, high operational reliability, no-frills product, and low distribution & maintenance costs.
  • IGO is a strong brand developed with good advertising & marketing strategies.
  • It has maintained consistent profitability and strong cash flow generation in the last 6 years.
  • By placing a large Airbus aircraft order, IGO has gained a structural cost advantage with favorable terms on aircraft, engines and components, and got a young, modern and fuel-efficient fleet.
  • On delivery, the aircrafts are sold and leased back. This arrangement is efficient as it converts fixed costs into variable. The asset light approach keeps capital expenses under control.
  • Experienced management with US background, has executed well so far in the Indian context.
  • IGO has been fast to plan for UDAN, which is a new opportunity in regional connectivity.

Risks and Negatives

  • The quality issues with newer airplane deliveries can threaten operations and services. The management feedback is that in 1-2 quarters the issues will be handled by the vendors.
  • Depreciation of the INR against USD may have an adverse effect on IGO’s operations and costs. This has worked in favor of IGO with rupee strength in last 1 year.
  • Crude oil prices are a high cost component, that is outside management control. Prices have risen sharply in the last 1 year and they can further rise again. IGO does not hedge for fuel cost volatility, hence if fuel costs rise further, it could further impact financial performance.
  • Competition may intensify with the entry of Air Asia and Vistara, which have strong backgrounds, and capacity expansions of Spice Jet and Jet Air.
  • Any production delays with ordered aircraft would affect IGO’s expansion plans.
  • IGO’s international routes expose them to higher operational risks. However it is believed that these routes have higher profit potential compared to domestic routes.
  • IGO’s financials may fluctuate due to seasonality as well as economic cycles.
  • There may be a skills shortage in areas such as airline pilots, maintenance engineers, etc. In the past airlines needed to hire expatriate staff at high costs to overcome this.
  • Airlines are a cause of pollution due to usage of fossil fuels. There may be increasing pressure on airlines to reduce this in terms of capacity limitations or carbon credit requirements.
  • IGO, like other airlines, faces operational risks such as accidents and terrorism.
  • There are high regulatory challenges for IGO including DGCA and AAI compliances, policies and execution and ATF taxes. However the business climate in India is improving.

Opinion, Outlook and Recommendation

  • There’s no doubt that the Airline industry in India is at a early phase of growth. With high population and weak railways execution, growth will track economic growth and affluence in India.
  • IGO has a strong brand with a commanding domestic market share, consistent delivery and high growth. It has a good track record of profitability and free cash flows. It has executed well on its LCC strategy. IGO has expanded the market with its growth.
  • We feel that IGO will continue to dominate Indian skies due to network effect and good capacity additions. Any fall in crude prices can provide high upside risks to IGO profitability.
  • While IGO has been in profits consistently, the margins depend inversely on crude prices.
  • The valuations are rich currently and hence investors are advised to HOLD the stock until earnings recovery process begins.

JAINMATRIX KNOWLEDGE BASE 

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  5. CPSE ETF FFO 2 – An Energizing Offer – BUY
  6. Investment Notes – Euphoria
  7. Avenue Supermarts IPO: The Mart of Choice
  8. Bharat Electronics OFS
  9. Indigo Airlines IPO report Nov 2015 

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Disclaimer

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. JM has no known financial interests in IGO or Interglobe Aviation or any related firm. Punit Jain has however flown Indigo Airlines several times as a paying customer. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an independent expert/advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com

Eicher Motors – It’s Firing on Both Engines 

  • 16th May 2017 
  • CMP: Rs 28,890 
  • Sector – Automotive
  • Large Cap with Mkt Cap Rs 78,575 crores 
  • Advice: Investors can BUY now with a 2 year perspective

Summary

  • Overview: Eicher Motors is an auto firm making commercial vehicles and two wheelers. The iconic Royal Enfield bikes business has been growing rapidly and they are selling as fast as they can be produced. The CVs business includes great technology from partners Volvo and Polaris of USA. Revenues, EBITDA and Net profits have grown at 28%, 53% and 45% CAGR over the last 7 years from 2009 through 2016.   
  • Why Buy Now: 1) The recent FY17 results confirmed another record year of all round growth and profitability 2) Capacity expansion plans for two wheelers funded by internal accruals could power a robust volume growth in 2 years 3) The so far underperforming CV business is now seeing improved traction and recovery. 
  • The main risks are international markets growth in bikes, and a continued recovery in CVs. 
  • This report on Eicher Motors was published for paying subscribers on 26th May, 2016 and is now being released for public viewing. It has given them 55.9% returns in the last one year. SIGN UP for the investment service subscription to gain exclusive access to such high quality investment reports. 

The rest of this report is available in PDFs report format below for your reading.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5I507JrtYiCYlN4RjN2T19rY3c/view?usp=drivesdk
Notes and Disclaimers

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Punit Jain has a small personal shareholding (<1%) in EM as on May 2017. In addition, JM has no known financial interests in EM Motors or any related firm. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an independent expert/advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst (SEBI Registration No. INH200002747) and compliant with SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

Hudco IPO – Sector Uncertainties, AVOID

  • 9th May 2017 
  • Industry – Loans PSU
  • IPO Open 8-11th May at Rs. 56-60  
  • Large Cap: Rs 11,611 crore Mkt cap 
  • P/E 16.52 times and P/B 1.30 times 
  • Retail investors and employees get a discount of Rs. 2/share 
  • Advice: The IPO is rated AVOID   

Overview: HUDCO is a PSU engaged in providing loans for housing and urban infrastructure projects in India. HUDCO primarily lends to state governments and their agencies. 69% of HUDCO’s loan portfolio is in the urban infrastructure segment and the remaining 31% is in the housing finance loan segment. It’s revenues, EBITDA and PAT have grown at 4.8%, 4.2% and 6.8% CAGR over FY12-16. Revenues for FY16 were Rs. 3,350 cr. and profit Rs. 810 cr. It has 874 full time employees. 

Key risks: 1) HUDCO has weak growth in a recent environment of shortages and massive demand 2) High GNPA’s and NNPA’s 3) It’s a weak institution and performance is unpredictable. Clearly the activities are not commercially driven, so how can investment results be attractive? 4) It is far better to own a wonderful business at a fair price than a fair business at a wonderful price”. We feel that HUDCO is an average business available at a good price.

Opinion: This IPO offering is rated AVOID, and investors may look elsewhere for long term gains.

The detailed report will be attached soon for your reference.  

For full report, see LINK 

Disclaimer 

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. JM has no known financial interests in HUDCO or any group company. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an Investment Advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

Vikas Ecotech – Get ‘Vikas’ for your Investments

  • Date: 24th Apr 2017
  • CMP: Rs. 21.25
  • Small Cap – Mkt Cap is 610 crores 
  • Industry: Specialty Chemicals
  • Target price is Rs. 52.7 by May 2019, a growth of 143% over 25 months 
  • A High Risk but High Gain opportunity for aggressive investors

Summary

  • Overview: Vikas Ecotech is engaged in mfg. and trading of specialty chemicals. It has factories in Shahjahanpur (Raj.) and J&K. The FY’16 revenues and profits were Rs 312 cr. and 26 cr. and these have grown 21% & 29% CAGR over 6 years. Products are niche, high value and eco-friendly, many are import substitutes. Exports are growing and are 49% of revenues. Current operations are lean.
  • Why buy now: VET is commissioning new plants in Noida SEZ, Kandla SEZ and Dahej (Guj) as well as extensions at Shahjahanpur. It expects a revenue growth of 35% CAGR in the next few years as outlook is strong.
  • Key risks: 1) Competition from large Indian players or Chinese firms can affect business. 2) The raw materials for VET are crude derivatives and any rise in crude oil prices will increase input costs. 3) VET has been free cash flow negative for 5 of the last 6 years. This has raised debt.
  • The Target Price is Rs. 52.7 by May 2019, a growth of 143% over 25 months. This is a High Risk but High Gain opportunity for aggressive investors.

Here is a note on Vikas Ecotech Ltd. (VET).

VIKAS ECOTECH – DESCRIPTION AND PROFILE 

  • VET does mfg. and trading of specialty polymer compounds & additives like Polymer compounds, Organotin stabilizers, Plasticizers and Flame retardants.
  • The FY’16 revenues were Rs 312 cr., profits Rs 26 cr. and market cap is Rs 610 cr.
  • Located in Delhi, VET has factories located in Shahjahanpur (Raj.) and Samba (J&K).
  • VET started as a trader/ agency for chemical products, then expanded into mfg.
  • VET has 250+ work force and products are exported to 20 countries, like B’desh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, China, UAE, Turkey, Spain, S’pore, Germany, Ukraine and USA.
  • VET makes chemical products used in Agricultural Pipes, Auto Parts, Wires & Cables, Artificial Leather, Footwear, Organic Chemicals, Polymers, Pharma and Packaging, and distributes specialty chemicals and polymers of MNCs. 3 categories:
    • Specialty Additives – toxin free high perf. additives for mfg. applications.
    • Plastic Compounds – polymer compounds like Thermoplastic Rubber (TPR), Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE) and Specialty compounds of PVC, PET and EVA.
    • Recycling – It recycles material to create virgin-grade PVC compounds.
  • Clients – RR Kabel, Relaxo F’wear, Liberty, Escorts, KEI, Havells, Apollo Pipe & SRF.
  • In FY15, VET sold stake (and exited) from a subsidiary, Moonlite Technochem. It also acquired the balance 25% stake of Sigma Plastic Industries thereby having 100% stake. By Q4FY15, VET became a standalone firm without any Subsidiary. In 2015 the firm rebranded itself from Vikas Globalone to Vikas Ecotech Ltd.
  • Leadership team is Vikas Garg (MD), Vivek Garg (Dir.), Ashutosh Verma (CEO), and Pankaj Gupta (CFO). Vikas Garg has been with VET (group) for 18 years and provides hands on leadership.
  • Shareholding % is: Promoter and Group-41.6%, Institutions-29.25%, individual-8.9%, others-20.25%.

JainMatrix Investments, Vikas Ecotech

Fig 1 – Segment and Geographic Revenue

Recent Events, Business Plans and Strategies

  • VET commenced construction of a mfg. plant and R&D center at Dahej, Gujarat. It will provide import substitution for additives and stabilizers. The plant will add capacity and produce 6,000 MT of organotin stabilizers (methyl tin mercaptide or MTM) and 5,000 MT of specialty polymer compounds annually. The plant cost is Rs. 30 cr. Production was to start by Apr2017, but a delay in environmental clearances may delay it by 6 months.
  • VET is also setting up plants at Noida SEZ and Kandla SEZ Guj. as well as extensions at Shahjahanpur (Raj.) to handle higher volumes and get exports benefits at SEZs.

JainMatrix Investments, Vikas Ecotech

Fig 2 – VET Capacity Growth  

  • Prince Pipes and Fittings Pvt Ltd’s CMD, Jayant Chheda, and his associates have acquired, in their individual capacity, 2.63 crore shares of VET or over 8%. PPF is a strategic customer of VET. The funds received of Rs 34 cr. are to be utilised for expansion of R&D facilities, new plants and marketing for domestic and exports.
  • VET formed a strategic tie up with PPF, India’s 3rd largest PVC pipes mfg. firm for supply of specialty chemicals to replace current with eco-friendly variants.
  • VET produces Organotin Stabilizers which are required to produce Lead free non-toxic, safe and eco-friendly PVC pipes. It’s a valuable tech. available with only few producers worldwide.
  • VET aims to produce bio plastic by using waste cooking oil through a technology called Wastol-P, and grow as one of India’s leading eco-friendly firms. It has entered into a contract with Haldiram, the large snack mfg. for supply of waste cooking oil.
  • Exports may grow around 30-40% for FY17. VET expects revenues to grow 35% CAGR for a few years, as per management.
  • VET’s mfg. plant in Raj. was affected by a fire in Apr2017. But damage was limited to only one building that housed the polypropylene section and a material warehouse; 4 other units in the same factory are safe and fully operational. The unit contributes 3% to sales. It may take 4 months to restore full production. According to estimates, damages could be Rs. 15-20 cr. but the factory is fully insured.
  • During the current year VET’s market share in India for Organotin Stabilizers was 10%. Their vision is to attain 25% share of the expanded market in the near future.
  • VET allotted 2.56 cr. equity shares of Re 1/- each at a premium of Rs. 16/- in Mar2017 to non-promoters on preferential basis. Promoter holding fell 4% in the Company.
  • Crisil rated VET a BBB for long Term Borrowings; A3+ for Short Term in Feb2017.
  • In Feb2016 Merrill Lynch Capital Markets bought 19 lakh shares of VET.
  • Employee strength has grown rapidly from 63 (FY15) to 81 (FY16) and 250+ today.

Industry Outlook

  • The Indian Specialty Chemical Industry is experiencing a good growth and is fast emerging as global specialty chemicals mfg. hub. Total production was 2.1 crore tons in FY’16. Industry delivered 13% growth over the 5 years led by domestic consumption; more recently it was 30% growth over FY13-15 to $2.67 bn.
  • India is 3rd after China & Japan in Asia and 6th globally in volumes.
  • The Industry is expected to grow at CAGR of 15% for next 5 years.
  • Indian specialty chemicals firms will gain over China due to strict implementation of environmental norms & safety standards there, which may lead to closure of many firms. Exports have already slowed. This may help boost exports from India.
  • Make in India initiative will facilitate growth and flow of FDI to this sector.
  • Indian specialty chemical firms will have 6-7% share globally by 2023, double the current level.
  • The India demand for Organotin Stabilizers at 6,000 MT p.a. (growth 20%) and PVC heat stabilizer (60,000 MT p.a.); and global PVC heat stabilizer market demand are growing fast, and VET expansion plans are in line with domestic and int’l. demand. This year VET’s market share in India for Organotin Stabilizers was 10%. The vision is to attain 25% share of the expanded market in the near future.

Stock Evaluation, Performance and Returns

JainMatrix Investments, Vikas Ecotech

Fig 3 – Price History

  • See VET’s 5 year price history in Fig 3. Investors for 5 years gained by 51.4% CAGR.
  • The share price shot up sharply in 2015. The recent one year low is Rs. 10.85 in Jun 2016, and the high was Rs 23.3 in Mar2017. The share price is 9% below this high.
  • Dividends have been consistent for 4 years at 5% giving 0.24% yield. This is low.
  • The Revenues, EBITDA and Profits have grown 21%, 35% and 29% CAGR over 6 yrs.
  • In Q3 FY17 VET had revenue of Rs. 84.8 cr. and growth of 0.3% YoY due to demonetization and fall in trading. But the mfg. revenue grew 17%. See Fig 4.
  • DE ratio is 1.41 which is high. VET will fund expansions through internal accruals.
  • Note: VET data in Fig 4 is consolidated until Mar 2015 and standalone thereafter.

JainMatrix Investments, Vikas Ecotech

Fig 4 – Quarterly Financials/ Fig 5 – Cash Flow  

JainMatrix Investments, Vikas Ecotech

  • VET has weak cash flow position. It has been FCF positive only in 1 of last 6 years. This is a negative. See Fig 5. However the reason is investments in R&D and mfg. capacities. The firm raised funds through preferential stock issue and promoter holding dilution. As a result the debt position is still moderate.
  • In Fig 6a, the 6 year PE chart for VET has a historic average PE of 15. Current P/E is 15.74 times (TTM earnings), while the P/B is 8.25 times. In Fig 6b we see that EPS TTM had an upward trend in last 2 years in a channel. But in Q3FY17 there was a drop due to challenges like demonetization.

JainMatrix Investments, Vikas Ecotech

Fig 6 – a) Price and PE Chart Above and b) Price and EPS Chart 

  • The DE ratio reduced in Mar’16, Fig 7. Interest coverage ratio improved. The inventory turnover ratio rose, operating & profit margins are higher, ROCE doubled to 32%. Similarly RoNW. These are positive.
  • Beta of the stock is 0.93 (Reuters) which is indicates low volatility.

JainMatrix Investments, Vikas Ecotech

Fig 7 – Financial Metrics

Benchmarking and Financial Estimates

Exhibit 8 – Financial Benchmarking

In a benchmarking exercise we compare VET with listed peers in similar businesses.

  • In terms of valuations, VET has a low PE ratio in spite of a recent rise in the share price. However P/B is high at 8.25 times. VET has the lowest dividend yield, however this is OK for a high growth company. D/E ratio is high among peers, however it is at manageable levels.
  • VET’s 3 year CAGR PAT has grown at 86.8%. This is good, but on a small base. VET has return ratios over 35%, that are likely to sustain. This is excellent.
  • The numbers show that the firm that is moving to a high growth / high profit phase.

Exhibit 9 – Projections  

The financial projections have been made based on following assumptions.

  1. Production starts at Dahej plant in mid FY18 and ramps up to full capacity in 2 years. Noida and Bhuj plants too start contributing to revenues in FY18.
  2. Exports and domestic demand continue to grow at a combined 30-35%.
  3. R&D continues to develop new products; demand for lead free chemicals grows; eco-friendly mfg. processes for PVC compounds from recycled materials gain in visibility and demand.
  4. Analyst judgement.

Strengths of Vikas Ecotech

  • Good R&D that works with prospects and customers to develop new products & solutions. The recent revenue upswing was the result of years of R&D work.
  • Capacity additions will start from Dahej, Noida and Bhuj plants in FY18.
  • A domestic focus on substitution for expensive imported niche chemicals.
  • Exports focus will continue and build on the current 49% share of revenues.
  • There exists a good synergy between trading chemicals business and mfg.
  • Remarkable cost consciousness including salaries for promoters and employees.
  • Current customer base is derisked across a large number of firms and industries, providing stability.

Weaknesses and Risks

  • The raw materials used by VET are crude oil derivatives. Any rise in crude oil prices will increase the input cost and margins. However crude is in a 45-55 $ range.
  • VET has weak cash flow position. It has been FCF negative. The D/E ratio at 1.4 times is moderate, but any further capital raise can push D/E to excessive levels.
  • Promoter shareholding is low at 42%. However the promoter has sacrificed holdings to raise funds for expansion. He may be in a position to raise this in a few years. He still has sufficient holdings today that provide him a good incentive to grow and develop the firm VET.
  • In terms of valuation, the P/B ratio looks expensive.
  • VET’s mfg. plant in Raj. suffered in a fire in April 2017. The damage could be Rs. 15-20 cr. But these assets were insured. One plant in J&K is in a sensitive area, there have been terrorist attacks recently.
  • Chinese chemical producers can be competitive on price and volume. The other massive player in the sector is Reliance Industries. VET has potential as a niche chemicals player as long as other larger players do not enter these segments. However these segment volumes may not be attractive for RIL.
  • VET can in future be a takeover target by large players. But it will benefit investors.
  • VET sales are B2B, used as raw material, so it’s difficult for analysts to verify & validate output.

Opinion, Outlook and Recommendation

  • The chemicals sector is a massive market, and specialty chemicals can be a valuable and large niche within this. India offers many competitive advantages to this sector.
  • VET has taken this strategy and has ample room to grow in this niche.
  • VET is rated highly on lean business operations, aggressive growth – both mfg. capacities and workforce, good R&D team, eco-friendly products and growth in domestic & export markets.
  • Valuations are reasonable as VET is a largely undiscovered firm. With a turnover of Rs 312 cr., VET has ample room to grow in domestic and exports markets.
  • Key risks are: 1) As VET is a small firm, competition from larger players or Chinese firms can affect business. 2) The raw materials are crude derivatives and any rise in crude oil prices will increase input costs. 3) VET has been free cash flow negative for 5 of the last 6 years. This has raised debt.
  • The target price is Rs. 52.7 by May 2019, a growth of 143% over 25 months.

JAINMATRIX KNOWLEDGE BASE 

See other useful reports:

  1. CPSE ETF FFO 2 – An Energizing Offer – BUY
  2. Investment Notes – Euphoria
  3. Avenue Supermarts IPO: The Mart of Choice 
  4. Bharat Electronics OFS
  5. Whats different about the Investment Service from JainMatrix? – A video
  6. Why are Indian stock markets attractive for Investments? – A video
  7. BSE IPO: Put this Exchange on Hold – Report plus Video
  8. CPSE ETF FFO – An Energizing Offer – Report plus Video
  9. Balmer Lawrie – An Update
  10. Why Stocks, and Investment Outlook – Dec 2016 – A Video
  11. Investment Outlook – Short Term Pain, Medium Term Gain
  12. The Natural Quotient: A Sustainability Metric for Business
  13. PNB Housing Finance IPO: A Transformed Lender
  14. RBL Bank IPO 
  15. New Banks: Big Changes in Small Change 
  16. Equitas IPO – Leader in SF Banks
  17. Do you want to be a value investor?
  18. Mahanagar Gas IPO 
  19. A Repurpose for our PSUs
  20. Announcement – SEBI approval as a Research Analyst

DO YOU FIND THIS SITE USEFUL?

  • Visit the Investment Service offering page to find how you can get more.
  • Register Now to get our Free reports and much more, on the top right of this page, or by filling this Signup Form CLICK.

Disclaimer and Additional Details

The target price basis is 1) Financial projections – Exhibit 9, 2) A target P/E of 20 times, higher than current 15.74 times 3) Analyst judgement.

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Punit Jain and JM have no current shareholding, and no known financial interests in Vikas Ecotech & Co or any related firm. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. Equity investments are subject to market risks. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, we recommend that investors looking to invest in equity should take advice from a Registered Investment Adviser. Punit Jain is certified and registered under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com

Balmer Lawrie – An Update

  • 19th Dec 2016
  • CMP Rs 1085
  • Advice: SELL – It has achieved its price target and is Overvalued 

Dear Readers,

We had published a report on Balmer Lawrie and Co (BLC) on 17th Oct, 2016. This is a follow up report where we have changed our recommendation due to significant recent events.

  • We had recommended a BUY at a price of Rs 677 with a Mar 2019 price target of Rs 1,057. We had also predicted a bonus/ split because of the small equity base. This has come true. Details of this report are available on link – Balmer Lawrie – Is Traveling Fast Now
  • The share price is now Rs 1,085 giving our investors a 60% return in a span of 2 months.
  • The sharp rise is due to a bonus issue declared. The firm approved on Nov 10, bonus shares in the proportion of 3:1, giving 3 new Equity Bonus Shares for every 1 share held as on the record date. BLC fixed Dec 27, 2016 as the Record Date for Issue of Bonus The share will quote ex-bonus thereafter. The share is likely to fall by 75% ex bonus.
  • The main reason the share has risen so sharply is that there is high interest from traders to purchase the share before bonus, which may later be sold ex bonus to book a loss on short term capital gains. This is also called Bonus Stripping. (to find out more about this, visit LINK. To do this yourself, please also consult your Chartered Accountant and Investment Adviser).
  • There is no other significant event in the firm (it continues its steady progress).
  • We expect selling in this share to intensify post bonus ie after 27th Dec.
  • The current PE is 18.7 times, much above the 5 year historical average of 8 times and above the Oct 2014 peak of 14 times.
  • Hence we recommend investors in Balmer Lawrie to SELL, as the valuations have shot up sharply and it has moved into overvalued territory.

Additional details: Here is the brief on the company and the price history.

Overview: Balmer Lawrie & Co is a diversified PSU firm into Travel and Tourism, logistics, Industrial packaging, greases, lubricants and Leather chemicals. In each of these areas it occupies good niches. The FY16 revenues were Rs 3,229 cr. and profits 179 cr. The Revenues, EBITDA and Profits of BLC are up by 7%, 6.8% and 7.3% CAGR over 7 years. The balance sheet is strong and RoCE is over 21%. Investors have got a return of 34% CAGR over 8 years.

Price History: Here is a chart of the recent 6 month share price performance.

JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Balmer Lawrie – 6 month price history

We hope you make handsome gains on BLC.

Visit and bookmark www.jainmatrix.com for such valuable investment reports and updates.

Happy investing,

Punit Jain, Founder, JainMatrix Investments

JAINMATRIX KNOWLEDGE BASE 

See other useful reports:

  1. Why Stocks and Investment Outlook Dec 2016
  2. Investment Outlook – Short Term Pain, Medium Term Gain
  3. The Natural Quotient: A Sustainability Metric for Business
  4. PNB Housing Finance IPO: A Transformed Lender
  5. Endurance Technologies IPO 
  6. ICICI Prudential Insurance IPO – An Expensive BUY
  7. GNA Axels IPO
  8. L&T Technology Services IPO 
  9. RBL Bank IPO 
  10. New Banks: Big Changes in Small Change 
  11. Equitas IPO – Leader in SF Banks
  12. Do you want to be a value investor?
  13. Mahanagar Gas IPO 
  14. How will Brexit impact Indian investors?
  15. A Repurpose for our PSUs
  16. How to Approach the Stock Market – A Lesson from Warren Buffet
  17. Thyrocare IPO – Wellness for your Wealth
  18. Announcement – SEBI approval as a Research Analyst
  19. Alkem Labs IPO
  20. Goods And Services Tax (GST): Integration And Efficiency
  21. Syngene IPO: Good Pharma R&D spinoff from Biocon

DO YOU FIND THIS SITE USEFUL?

  • Visit the Investment Service offering page to find how you can get more.
  • Register Now to get our Free reports and much more, on the top right of this page, or by filling this Signup Form CLICK.

Disclaimers

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. JM has no known financial interests in Balmer Lawrie & Co or any related firm. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an independent expert/advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst and compliant with SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

Balmer Lawrie – Is Traveling Fast Now

  • Date: 17th Oct 2016
  • CMP: Rs 677
  • Industry: PSU, diversified
  • Small Cap with Mkt Cap 1980 crores
  • Advice: BUY with a target price of Rs 1057 by Mar 2019, a 56% upside 
  • Overview: Balmer Lawrie & Co is a diversified PSU firm into Travel and Tourism, logistics, Industrial packaging, greases, lubricants and Leather chemicals. In each of these areas it occupies good niches. The FY16 revenues were Rs 3,229 cr. and profits 179 cr. The Revenues, EBITDA and Profits of BLC are up by 7%, 6.8% and 7.3% CAGR over 7 years. The balance sheet is strong and RoCE is over 21%. Investors have got a return of 34% CAGR over 8 years.
  • Why Buy Now: 1) It has been restructuring and strengthening operations by exiting weak segments and undertaking investments in logistics, warehouses, distribution, manufacturing and lubricants. Cash with the firm will be deployed very productively over 2-3 years. 2) The share price has fallen 7% from a recent high of Rs 748. This gives investors an opportunity to enter at lower prices. 3) The cash on balance sheet* is high (Rs 161/sh.), so BLC operations are available for Rs 516. Buy with a target price of Rs 1,057 by Mar 2019, a 56% upside from current price levels.
  • JainMatrix Investments had reported on Balmer Lawrie in Nov-2013 with CMP of Rs 306. Since then, the stock is up 121% in 3 years. See link – Balmer Lawrie – A Steady Boat. We continue to be positive.

Here is a note on Balmer Lawrie & Co (BLC).

BLC – Description and Profile

  • BLC is a 150 year old firm, and is a PSU under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Based in Kolkata, this is a Mini-Ratna I public sector enterprise.
  • The FY16 revenues were Rs 3,229 cr., profits 179 cr. and market capitalization today is 1,980 cr.
  • It has 5 JVs and the global operations have about 1,729 employees.
  • BLC is the market leader in steel barrels, greases and oilfield services in India. Its logistics division is the profit driver. BLC is into many business segments: (See Fig 1)
    • Travel & Tours – Travel (Ticketing), Vacations & Money Changing Activities.
    • Greases & Lubricants – Globally BLC is a top grease maker, and its brand is Balmerol.
    • Logistics infrastructure and Services
    • Industrial Packaging – barrels and Drums made of Plain Steel and many variations.
    • Leather Chemicals, Refinery & Oil field Services, etc.
  • Travel: BLC is one of the oldest IATA accredited travel agencies in India. The travel segment operates in 88 locations in 19 cities in the country with a good clientele.
  • Greases & Lubricants: BLC is the largest grease producer in India having 3 mfg. plants in Chennai, Kolkata and Silvassa. It also focuses on R&D with an applications research laboratory in Kolkata. The firm is aggressively marketing its Balmerol brand and continues expanding its distribution network of 20 strategically located stock points, 250 distributors & 4,500 dealers in the country.
  • Logistics: BLC has three state-of-the art Container Freight Stations located at Nhava Sheva, Chennai and Kolkata and offers a wide range of logistics solutions for ocean, air & road freight.
  • These three ports do account for 54% of the total container traffic handled in Indian Ports.
  • BLC is an established player in the Indian industrial packaging industry with 35% share in the 200 liter capacity steel drum segment. It holds the leadership position in this segment, market size of which is estimated to be 12 mn. units. It has a pan-India presence with over 6 drum mfg. facilities in Taloja (Mah.), Asaoti (Haryana), Chennai, Kolkata, Chittoor (AP) & Silvassa.
  • Leadership is Prabal Basu-CMD, D Sothi Selvam-Dir mfg, K Swaminathan-Dir Services
  • Shareholding % is: GoI 61.8, DIIs 10.9, FIIs 2.9, Individuals 18.3, Corporates 3.5, Others 2.6%.
JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Fig 1 – BLC Business Segments/ Geographical Segments

Recent events, Business Plans and Strategies

  • BLC has a focus on in-house R&D for all its manufactured products.
  • Travel: In Feb 2014, BLC acquired the holidays brand “Vacations Exotica” (VEX) for Rs 20 cr., and became one of the top five leisure travel companies in India. VEX has been growing at 25% with revenues of Rs 120 cr. and a potential to rise to around Rs 450 cr. over 3-4 years (per management). BLC can now offer holiday packages and corporate travel services to its portfolio of corporate and govt. clients which number 7.5 lakh. The acquisition is yet to add to the bottom-line, and the accumulated loss is Rs 8-9 crore, but this year BLC will minimize loss and in FY18 is expecting profit.
  • Currently, 90% of BLC’s travel business is from the central govt. and 10% from the private sector. This year BLC has targeted to increase the pvt. sector proportion to 25% over 2 years.
  • BLC has embarked on a major technology upgrade for the travel segment, which will help to improve its service levels and reduce overheads.
  • Greases & Lubricants: It launched the new TechTonic Pack for diesel and 4T oils for the auto sector.
  • AVI-OIL India Pvt. Ltd is a JV between BLC, Indian Oil and NYCO France established in 1993 where BLC is a 25% partner. It is involved in indigenous production & supply of aviation lubricants to defense services & aircraft operators in India and manufactures aero engine oils, hydraulic fluids, greases, protectives & other specialty products for the aviation sector.
  • Application Research Laboratory (ARL) has focused towards the R&D of high performance greases for steel and heavy duty open gear grease for sponge iron plants, engine oil for new generation passenger cars, power sector, fine blanking & cold forging (auto) and hobbling (gear mfg. industry).
  • The ARL located in Kolkata, developed tribological solutions using “DEKATROL technology” which is eco-friendly, helps reduce frictional losses, enhance fuel economy and also life of the product.
  • Logistics: During FY16 Logistics Services achieved a growth of 8% in topline which is on account of a surge (20% growth YOY) in air freight services activity.
  • BLC plans to invest Rs 400 crore over the next two-three years, including Rs 60-70 crore during the current fiscal. Most of the investment would be in logistics business. BLC is setting up 3 cold chain facilities in Hyderabad, Delhi NCR and Mumbai and a multimodal logistics park at Vizag Port in JV with Vizag Port Trust (VPT). The project will be built over 53 acres of land. In this Hub, facilities will be created for handling Exim and Domestic Cargo.
  • BLC is searching for a strategic partner to sell its loss making subsidiary Transafe Services Ltd. engaged in the business of container leasing and logistics services.
  • Industrial Packaging: The new state-of-the-art barrel mfg. plant at Navi Mumbai has stabilized and being close to the large consumption centers in the Western Region, has a competitive advantage.
  • There is a fall of available market size for BLC to an extent of 2 million drums per year due to GoI policy on procurement of Drums from MSME manufacturers. Also there are new entrants in Gujarat, Taloja and Chittoor (in and around the Fruit-pulp Market).

Industry Views:

Indian Travel and Tourism Industry: India has moved up 13 positions to 52nd rank from 65th in Tourism & Travel competitive index. Total contribution by travel and tourism sector to India’s GDP is expected to increase from US$ 136.3 billion in 2015 to US$ 275.2 billion in 2025. The number of Foreign Tourist Arrivals has grown at a CAGR of 3.7% to 5.29 lakh YoY in May 2016. Forex earnings during May 2016 grew at a rate of 8.2% YoY to Rs 10,285 cr. (US$ 1.52 billion). Tourists arriving on e-Tourist Visa during June 2016 totaled 36,982 registering a YoY growth of 137.7%. The industry may see good growth on the back of visa reforms. The rupee depreciation against major currencies has improved demand and positively impacted foreign arrivals as India becomes an affordable destination. The medical tourism market in India is projected to reach US$ 3.9 billion in size having grown at a CAGR of 27% over the 3 years, and is expected to clock over 20% gains annually through 2017.

Indian Logistics Industry: India’s logistics sector is set for accelerated growth, led by GDP revival, ramp up in transport infrastructure, e-commerce, impending GST rollout, and ‘Make in India.’ Indian logistics market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 12.17% till 2020. Empirical evidence indicates that Indian logistics industry grows at 1.5-2 times the GDP growth. A large number of upcoming SEZs have necessitated the development of logistics for the domestic market as well as for global trade. Mumbai has emerged as the preferred location for the development of logistics parks with an investment of approximately $200 million. The development of seven to eight logistics parks are in pipeline on 600 acres around Mumbai. Poor Infrastructure, warehousing & storage and trade Regulations have been hindering growth. The proposed new GST regime and e-commerce will together alter the landscape in warehousing, supply chain management and third party logistics business particularly for organized sector.

Indian Lubricants & Leather Industry: India is the 5th largest lubricant market in volume terms behind the US, China, Russia and Japan. In terms of revenue, the lubricants market size was valued at USD 37 billion in 2014, which is expected to surpass USD 74 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 8.5%. Increasing automobile sales is expected to drive lubricants market size over the forecast period. India’s leather industry has grown well, transforming from a raw material supplier to a value-added product exporter. Today, around 50% of India’s leather business comes from international trade. The GoI had identified the Leather Sector as a focus sector in the Indian Foreign Trade Policy in view of its immense potential for export growth prospects and employment generation.

Indian Industrial Packaging Industry: The packaging industry in India should reach $73 billion in 2020 from $32 b (FY15), per FICCI and TSMG. The Indian packaging industry constitutes about 4 % of the global packaging industry. (Source IBEF). Indian packaging industry is anticipated to register 18% annual growth, with the flexible packaging and rigid packaging expected to grow annually at 25% and 15%, respectively. Germany & Italy are the main suppliers of packaging machinery but emerging are Taiwan, Korea, China. There are about 600-700 packaging machinery manufacturers, 95% of which are from SMB. Competition is from alternative packaging like PE Drums, IBC/ISO Tankers/ Flexi – Tanks, etc. BLC indicated that sales volume in FY16 were marginally less than FY15 in spite of shrinkage of demand due to GoI directives to procure MS Drums only from Small & Medium Enterprises.

Stock evaluation, Performance and Returns

  • BLC’s price history is detailed in Fig 2. The share price shot up sharply in 2014.
  • Investors in BLC over 8 years got a return of 34% CAGR including bonus and dividends.
  • Dividends have been generous, and are currently 180% or Rs 18/share giving 2.6% yield.
JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Fig 2 – Price History

  • The recent low is 491 in Feb 2016, and the high was Rs 748 in Sep 2016, so BLC has risen sharply this year, but is currently 7% below the highs.
  • Revenues, EBITDA and Profits of BLC are up by 7%, 6.8% and 7.3% CAGR over 7 years.
  • BLC has EBITDA and profit margins of 9.9% and 5.5% resp., which are good, see Fig 3.
  • Current P/E is 11.86 times (of trailing twelve months earnings), while the Price/ Book is 1.71 times. The current valuations look reasonable, which is a positive.
  • The Q1 every year (Apr-June) is the best by revenue. This may be due to the holiday season. But In Q1 FY17, revenues fell due to fall in aviation fuel price and austerity measures from the government.
  • Debt equity ratio is 0.11 which is low. This is a sign of a healthy balance sheet.
  • BLC has positive free cash flows over 8 years, and it has been investing this in assets, a positive. Fig 4.
  • BLC balance sheet* has cash & equivalent (Rs 457), which is Rs 161/sh., so BLC operations are available for (677-161) = Rs 516.
JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Fig 3 – Quarterly Financials (click to enlarge)

JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Fig 4 – Free Cash Flow

  • In Fig 5, the 8 year PE chart for BLC has historic avg PE of 8 times, a range of 4-12 times.
  • Today it is at 11.86 times. The PE has recently fallen from a high of 13.66 times. With good cash levels and a healthy balance sheet, we expect PE levels to rise further.
  • In Fig 6 we can see that the EPS TTM is rising in a steady fashion over the last 8 years within a channel.
  • Beta of stock is 0.9 (Reuters) indicates lower than Sensex volatility, which is good.
JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Fig 5 – Price and PE Chart (click to enlarge)

JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Fig 6 – Price and EPS Chart

JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Fig 7 – Financial Metrics

  • From Fig 7 we can see that the debt equity ratio has been reduced and is currently low. This is positive. The interest coverage ratio has improved. Dividend yield is healthy at 3%. The inventory turnover ratio improved, implying efficient inventory management. Operating & profit margins are flat to positive.
  • BLC’s ROCE fell in the last five years, but it is still high at 21.1% in FY16. Similarly RoNW.

The picture that emerges of BLC is a healthy balance sheet, conservative financials and improving cash.

Benchmarking and Financial Estimates

In a benchmarking exercise we compare BLC with listed peers in similar businesses. See Exh 8.

JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Exhibit 8 – Financial Benchmarking

  • From the exhibit, we can see that BLC has low valuations and high dividends.
  • Margins are low but steady. Similarly the 3 year growth numbers.
  • Return ratios are high for the peer group. Debt is low. Interest coverage is good.
  • This is consistent with its conservative PSU character and steady performance so far. If we bring together the solid past with the recent good growth initiatives, a positive picture emerges.
JainMatrix Investments, Balmer Lawrie

Exhibit 9 – Financial Projections

  • The financial projections for 3 years for BLC in Fig 9 are based on conservative assumptions of investments in operations, stability in crude prices at current levels and no dilution of equity base.
  • Based on projections and a target PE of 12, we project a Mar 2019 price of Rs 1057, a 56% upside from current levels.

Strengths of BLC

  • It has diversified businesses and even during poor economic cycles, BLC has not been hit. The BLC stock has low beta, with stability of a large cap, and the returns, growth potential and upside of a small cap.
  • Strong balance sheet, low debt and good cash balance provides stability and room for growth.
  • BLC has been consistently generating high dividend yields and has robust ROCE numbers.
  • Many of the BLC businesses are high potential with good growth prospects, including Travel & Tourism, logistics, lubricants and industrial packaging.
  • With good investment plans across businesses, BLC is showing a new found aggression. BLC also has exited some legacy businesses with bad returns, such as tea. This too is a bold step.
  • As a Mini-Ratna I PSU, BLC can invest up to Rs. 500 crore or equal to their net worth, whichever is lower without explicit government approval. This allows BLC to move fast on investment plans.

Weaknesses and Risks

  • A likely partial disinvestment in future could give a temporary downside pressure on the stock price.
  • In the import-export trade, there is an ongoing reduction in volumes through ports due to slowdowns in developed economies and China. This may affect the logistics business.
  • BLC may face competition from packing products like PE Drums, and IBC/ISO Tankers/FlexiTanks.
  • BLC profitability is exposed to volatility in commodity prices, especially crude oil & steel, which impact the industrial packaging and oil & lubricants divisions.
  • The travel business faces low entry barriers, threat of govt./PSUs withdrawing the preferred travel agency status and efforts from airlines for direct sale of tickets. BLC will mitigate this by distribution on online portals and focus on value added segments of leisure travel.
  • BLC is over dependent on GoI/ PSEs for its ticketing business as around 90% comes from public sector.
  • There is competitive pressure for Balmerol with established brands such as Castrol, Veedol & Gulf enjoying a lion’s share in the retail lubricants business.
  • BLC is facing challenges with delayed payments from public sector customers.
  • Shipping lines/ CHAs & Forwarders continue to exert pressure for payment of increased incentives for moving their boxes to a particular Container Freight Stations (CFS) & demand more storage free days.
  • Being a small cap share, there can be low trading volumes on the exchanges.

Opinion, Outlook and Recommendation

  • At first glance BLC looks like a small cap that is a complex conglomerate with legacy issues.
  • However on closer analysis we can see that it is into 4-5 high potential segments which together give it a stable portfolio. BLC is shedding / closing down the weak businesses, and investing in the potentials.
  • The balance sheet of BLC is excellent with low debt, good cash and is strengthened by free cash flows.
  • With a small and stable equity base, it appears likely that BLC will reward shareholders with higher dividends, splits and bonuses in the next few years.
  • BUY Balmer Lawrie with a Mar 2019 target price of Rs 1057, a 56% upside from current levels.

JAINMATRIX KNOWLEDGE BASE 

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Disclaimer and Notes

Note on * – we made an edit to this report on 19th Oct, removing an erroneous calculation.

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same JM has no known financial interests in Balmer Lawrie & Co or any related firm. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from your Investment Adviser. Punit Jain is certified and registered under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com