IndiGo – Spreading Wings but Oil Squeeze

  • Date: 09th May 2019
  • Industry – Airlines 
  • CMP: Rs 1,575 
  • Large Cap of Rs 58,000 cr. mkt cap 

jainmatrix investments, indigo airlines

  • Overview: IndiGo is the market leader in Indian aviation with a low cost carrier model. It has a dominating domestic market share of 46.9%. The revenue and profit were Rs 23,967 crores and Rs 2,242 cr. resp. for FY18. The Income, EBITDA and profits have grown 31.6%, 26.6% and 21.3% CAGR over 8 years. The aggressive growth plans are in place for capacity addition. The Airline industry in India is going to see massive growth. With a big population, low penetration and weak railway sector, it should continue to grow at 15% over next few years. IGO has a strong brand and a leading domestic market share, consistent delivery and high growth. It has executed well on its LCC strategy. IGO has expanded the market with its growth. It will continue to dominate Indian skies due to network effect and good capacity additions. The IGO share is high due to market share gains, the Jet failure and Boeing grounding, inspite of high ATF prices. However there are several risks.
  • Key risks: 1) crude price rise affects ATF prices leading to sharp profit falls 2) large sector capacity adds puts pressure on prices 3) The risk of an engine failure is still there

Get the recommendation and free research report: For our Investment recommendation and free access to the entire 8 page PDF report:

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    2. In Question or Additional Information section, write – Indigo Airlines
    3. You will receive the report in about 1 working day.

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Disclaimer

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Punit Jain discloses that he has been an investor in IGO since Nov 2015. He has also flown Indigo Airlines several times as a normal paying customer. Other than this JM has no known financial interests in IGO or Interglobe Aviation or any related firm. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an independent expert/advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

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RVNL IPO – Railways’ Growth Engine

  • Industry – Railway Transportation PSU in PMC space
  • Mid Cap of Rs. 4,000 crore
  • IPO Opens 29th Mar – 03rd Apr 2019; Price range Rs. 17-19/share
  • Valuations: P/E 6.9 times TTM; with a discount for Retail investors
  • Advice: SUBSCRIBE for listing gains

Summary

  • Transportation Infrastructure is a crying need in India. With Airlines, Roads and Ports sectors making good progress, the final frontier is the Indian Railways. The sleeping giant of IR appears to be getting up in the last few years.
  • IPO Overview: RVNL is a Delhi based PSU into PMC of Railway projects like track laying, electrification, bridges etc. Its FY18 revenue, EBITDA and PAT were Rs. 7,822 cr., Rs. 614 cr. and Rs. 570 cr. resp. Revenue has grown at an impressive 33.7% and PAT at 19.2% over the last 3 years. Valuations are attractively low with a FY18 PE of 6.9x for the IPO. It has an asset light model. A good kicker should come from Q4FY19 results and listing gains in a positive market. Governance appears good and transparent within the PSU limitations.
  • Key Risks: 1) Change in Central Govt. 2) De-emphasis on infra and railways by govt. 3) Issue of a contingent liability 4) Weak infra funding environment.
  • Opinion: Investors can SUBSCRIBE to this IPO with a listing gains and a 2 year perspective.

Here is a note on RVNL IPO.

IPO highlights

  • The IPO opens: 29th Mar-03rd Apr 2019 with the Price band: Rs. 17-19 per share. A discount of ₹0.50 per share on the offer price has been offered to retail and employee bidders.
  • Shares offered to public number 25.34 crore of FV Rs. 10 and each market lot is 780 shares.
  • The IPO will raise Rs. 482 cr. for 12% equity by current promoter i.e. Govt. of India with no dilution. The IPO share quotas for QIB, NIB and retail are in ratio of 50:15:35.
  • The unofficial/ grey market premium for this IPO is Rs. 1-1.5/share. This is a positive.

Introduction

  • RVNL – Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd – is a Delhi based PSU into PMC of Railway projects like track laying, electrification, bridges etc.
  • Its FY18 revenue, EBITDA and PAT were Rs. 7,822 cr., Rs. 614 cr. and Rs. 570 cr. resp. Revenue has grown at an impressive 33.7% and PAT at 19.2% over the last 3 years.
  • RVNL is a Miniratna (Category – I) firm incorporated by the Ministry of Railways (MoR) in 2003, as a project executing agency for MoR to undertake rail project development, mobilization of financial resources and implementation of rail projects for golden quadrilateral, port connectivity and project execution. RVNL mobilizes finances and forms project specific SPVs with private participation.
  • The railway projects include new lines, doubling, gauge conversion, railway electrification, metro projects, workshops, major bridges, cable stayed bridges, institution buildings etc.
  • Since 2003, RVNL has got 179 projects of which 174 are sanctioned for execution. Out of these, 72 have been fully completed for ₹20,567 cr. outlay and the balance are ongoing. They have an order book of ₹77,504 cr. as on Dec 2018 for 102 ongoing projects.
  • During FY18, they completed 885 RKm (Route kilometre) of project length which included 315 RKm of track doubling and 425 RKm of rail electrification.
  • RVNL earnings are from a management fee on the annual expenditure incurred for the execution of projects, of 9.25% for metro projects, 8.5% for other plan heads and 10% for national projects.
  • Their activities under the various plan heads can be classified as under:
    1. New lines: is augmenting the rail network by laying new lines to achieving seamless multi-modal transportation network across the country and connecting remote areas.
    2. Doubling: Doubling involves the provision of additional lines by way of doubling the existing routes to enable the Indian Railways to ease out traffic constraints of single line or construction of 3rd/4th line to increase the capacity. RVNL is a significant contributor to the doubling projects and has been contributing to a third of the total doubling being completed / commissioned on Indian Railways for the last three years. (Source: CARE)
    3. Gauge conversion: includes conversion of meter gauge lines to broad gauge railway lines.
    4. Railway electrification: This includes electrification of current un-electrified rail network and electrification on the new rail network, generally from diesel run trains.
    5. Metro projects: This includes setting up of metro lines and suburban network in larger cities.
    6. Workshops: This includes mfg. facilities, and workshops for repairing and mfg. rolling stock.
    7. Others: This includes but is not limited to construction of traffic facilities, railway safety works (building of sub-ways in lieu of crossings), other electrification works, training works, surveys, construction of bridges including rail over bridges, etc.
  • As a PMC (Project Management Consultant) firm, its services comprise of: (i) project development and execution of works related to creation of rail infrastructure; (ii) creating project-specific SPVs for encouraging private participation in the funding of railway projects; (iii) undertaking execution of railway projects under specific financial arrangement for the MoR and other Govt. departments; (iv) and other ancillary services like bankability studies for projects and preparation of detailed project reports.
  • It has an asset light model where the contractor identified for project execution brings in all the people resources and machinery required.
  • RVNL has a lean organization with only 541 employees of which 150 are regular and 391 are on deputation and may return to their home employer over time.
  • Leadership in RVNL is Pradeep Gaur (53) is CMD, Ajay Kumar (56) is Director (Personnel), Vijay Anand (59) is Director (Projects) and Arun Kumar (59) is Director (Operations). They are all professionals with experience in Indian Railways and Metro corporations.

Financials and Segments

  • We can see a solid growth of financials. FY19 so far does not look good, but we typically see H2 and Q4 as better than H1. See 4 year financials of RVNL in Fig 1.
  • The emphasis in RVNL is on new lines, lines doubling and Metro projects. See business segments as reflected by the Order Book as on 31st Dec 2018 in Fig 2.

jainmatrix investments, RVNL IPO

Fig 1- RVNL FY18 Financials
jainmatrix investments, RVNL IPO
Fig 2 – RVNL Order Book Segments

Industry thoughts:

  • Over the last few decades, the Indian Railways (IR) has not developed as fast as Roads, Ports and Airline sectors. It has struggled with its public service role as the dominant transporter of passengers. Most of the passenger services are priced at a discount and profits are from the goods services.
  • However capacity constraints like tracks have forced IR to de-emphasize goods services.
  • Productivity improvements have suffered in IR due to large and ageing workforce, legacy organization issues, weak governance in the past and slow decision making. Corruption has been an issue in IR in recruitment, private contracts and public services.
  • Computerization has helped improve the Reservation system in IR. However there is still a long way to go in passenger capacity utilization, flexible pricing and ease of access.
  • In recent times we have seen a dramatic improvement on many of these parameters in IR.
  • In 2016, IR announced a capex plan of Rs 8,60,000 cr. over 5 years i.e. 2016-20. The capex plan is 90% more than the capital outlay in the previous 15 years.
  • IR may be a critical element of India’s future growth story if it improves productivity, technology upgrades, goods transportation focus, financial sensitivity and improves services.
  • RVNL is a key growth arm of IR and may have a good role to play in the transformation of IR in terms of capacity increase, new tech initiatives, metro projects, high speed train lines, etc.
  • RVNL is also one of the second generation PSU firms that are lean in terms of employees, have a sharp business focus and outsource routine tasks to firms and have high productivity.
  • MoR has under it group firms Indian Railways, Concor, RITES Ltd., IRCON, IRFC and RVNL.
    • IR is the monopoly operator of rail based passenger and goods transportation services.
    • Concor is a listed container focused transport firm running multi modal services.
    • IRCON is a multi national consultancy firm active in transportation and infra, listed recently.
    • RITES is a turnkey construction firm active in Rail and non-rail infra areas, listed recently.
    • Indian Railway Finance Corporation (IRFC) is the dedicated financing arm of the Indian Railways for mobilizing funds from domestic as well as overseas Capital Markets.
    • In this comparison it is clear that RVNL has a focus on India based Railways related work as a PMC consultant. There is little overlap with group firms.

Benchmarking

We benchmark RVNL against other comparable Indian Railway firms, and also KEC which is a private sector infra EPC firm. See Exhibit 3.

jainmatrix investments, RVNL IPO

Exhibit 3 – Benchmarking

  • The PE post IPO is low. This provides a safety net for IPO investors.
  • Return ratios are good among the PSU pack.
  • Debt is high but this is expected from an infra projects firm. Also it is a pass through debt, with IR making the payments as per schedule.
  • 3 year growth of revenues and PAT is excellent.

Positives for RVNL and the IPO

  • We have seen a flurry of new initiatives in IR and a slew of new projects and technology initiatives. The GoI is serious about change. So RVNL may see acceleration in business.
  • Many private sector suppliers to IR have reported good growth in orders booked and revenues, across parts supply, and projects related to track laying and electrification. Many of these initiatives may be run by RVNL. Also it is notable that GoI is procuring from reputed private sector firms and taking their help to ramp up its operations.
  • RVNL is a lean and productive firm, and with this listing, may be allowed to chart an Indian Railways independent part to growth and impact. Infra development is a high potential sector.
  • It has attractive valuations with low PE and PB, moderate return ratios and a high 3 year revenue and PAT growth. The over 4%+ dividend yield is good.
  • An order book of Rs. 77,500 cr. gives business visibility of 10 years.
  • BV of Rs. 4,062 cr., and BVPS of Rs. 19.4/share is close to IPO price.

Risks and Negatives for RVNL and the IPO

  • Typically infra projects have issues like land acquisition and govt. clearances which delay execution. This is true for railway projects too with suburban and metro projects.
  • Funding of infra projects is underdeveloped in India. Long term funds from insurance and pension firms do not flow smoothly to infra, so projects become riskier with shorter term and more expensive funding. It is also exposed to financial variations like the current NBFC liquidity issue.
  • On many parameters IR is weak when compared internationally, such as speed of trains, passenger services in trains and at stations, etc. Conversely many improvements are possible.
  • The MoR and IR have been slow to grow in the Metro segment in India. As a specialized suburban train, the Metro is seen as an essential urban solution in Tier 1, 2 and 3 towns.
  • As a MoR firm, with IR as the key group firm, RVNL may be constrained by their slow approvals and permissions. There are worries around political compulsions in MoR.
  • Also RVNL has got projects by default from IR in the past due to relationship and structure. However in future and after RVNL listing, the flow of new projects is not assured.
  • There is a contingent liability of Rs. 3774 cr. This is due to a demand from a contractor. However RVNL feels that the demand is not as per agreement, also if the charge is enforced, it will add to the project cost and be reimbursed by respective clients.
  • H1 FY19 performance indicates no growth over FY18, however financials for PSU could be skewed towards H2 and Q4 which is usually the best quarter for infra/ GoI firms.
  • Of the 10 IPOs made by PSUs in the last 2 years, only 2 have generated positive returns. Balance 8 are down 30% on average. IRCON is down 16% since listing.
  • Political risk: With elections due in 1-2 months, we note that RVNL has accelerated performance in the current term of GoI. A change in leadership or party in power at MoR may affect future growth.

Overall Opinion and Recommendation

  • Infrastructure is a crying need in India. With Airlines, Roads and Ports sectors making good progress, the final frontier is the Indian Railways. The sleeping giant of IR appears to be getting up in the last few years.
  • RVNL represents the new initiatives, new technologies and expansion projects for IR. The current path is of acceleration, ambitious growth and standardization across India. The challenge is to get IR to grow in double digits, improve productivity, cover the country better and lower costs.
  • Valuations are attractively low with a FY18 PE of 6.9x for the IPO. A good kicker should come from Q4FY19 results and listing gains in a positive market.
  • Governance appears good and transparent within the PSU limitations.
  • Key risks are 1) Change in Central Govt. 2) De-emphasis on infra and railways by govt. 3) Issue of contingent liability 4) Weak infra funding environment.
  • Opinion: Investors can SUBSCRIBE to this IPO with a listing gains and 2 year perspective.

Disclaimer

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. JM has no stake, ownership or known financial interests in RVNL or any group company. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an Investment Advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

Market Outlook – Jan 2019

JainMatrix Investments takes a long hard look at 2018 and then builds the 2019 Outlook. 

What happened in 2018 – making sense of it 

  • CY2018 was a challenging year for investors. Many global equity indices gave negative returns, see Table 1.

jainmatrix investments, outlookTable 1 – Global Equity Indices (click to enlarge)

  • The Indian markets in 2018 were affected by various domestic and international factors.
    • The introduction of LTCG tax in Jan 2018 started the negativity after a very positive 2017.
    • Mutual Fund schemes were reclassified as mandated by SEBI, which led to MFs shifting the funds to LC stocks from Mid, Small and Micro caps and a sharp correction in MSM share prices. This was unexpected.
    • There were corporate scams (Punjab National Bank and Gitanjali Gems), auditor resignations and a new surveillance system (ASM framework) put in place by the exchanges to curb excessive trading.
    • The unfolding of the IL&FS crisis and the liquidity stress affected the NBFC sector.
    • Brent crude prices rose to $84/barrel creating worries over India’s deficit. The INR also weakened to Rs. 75/USD. Crude rose from May-Sept 2018 only to plunge sharply after that.
  • However it wasn’t all bad news in 2018. On the positive side,
    1. GDP rose sharply, as did govt. spending in Infra space. Inflation fell, giving debt investors better real returns. Domestic investors moved into equity even as FIIs withdrew from debt & equity markets.
    2. Broader corporate earnings improved after a weak 2017 due to Demon and GST. Exports sectors like IT and gems & jewellery did well due to USD strengthening against INR.
  • See Fig 2. It can be seen that Nifty fell after Sept then recovered to stay positive by year end. Mid-caps and Small caps did badly in 2018. This was a Risk-Off year after Risk-On years of 2016 and 2017.

jainmatrix investments, outlookFig 2 – Benchmark Indian Indices

  • In USA Trump reduced taxes, which gave a boost to the markets. However he soon imposed tariffs on China and broke international agreements. Interest rates were raised by the Fed. after 8-10 years of quantitative easing and low rates. The govt. has shutdown following Trump’s order for a demand to build a wall between USA and Mexico.
  • A look at Dow Jones Industrial Average (USA) and Sensex, see Fig 3, indicates that over the longer term there is a similar pattern. However in the shorter duration the movements could be more influenced by domestic factors playing out.
  • Fig 4 shows the year wise performance of these Indices.

jainmatrix investments, outlookFig 3 – Sensex and DJIA 5 year movement and Fig 4 – Year Wise Performance of Indices

the 2019 OUTLOOK

  • The 2019 outlook has key factors:
    1. On Interest rates there should be a reduction by RBI as inflation is in check and growth will be encouraged.
    2. Elections: The Rajasthan, MP and Telangana election results were BJP losses but the market was not affected. Our feeling is that coming elections will be hard fought. However the worst case scenario is not very bad for the markets and India is on a growth and reforms path that should continue.
    3. Currently the BFSI sector is recovering from the IL&FS and liquidity crisis. The central govt. and RBI have taken measures to resolve these. Interest rates have hardened. The NCLT lead NPA resolution process is bringing confidence back to markets and strengthening Banks.
    4. Auto sector is slowing in Q3, partly due to credit issues. Cement is seeing good volumes but weaker margins. Capital goods, construction and infra are positive. Power sector looks steady. Consumption sector remains strong.
    5. Real estate is weak due to RERA, GST and crackdown on black money. Demand for new housing will remain weak until prices correct, except in affordable segment. Rentals demand will be robust.
    6. We do have a situation where GoI will increase public spending. In the private sector, growth is pushing capacity utilizations, profitability is increasing and there is some reduction in overall corporate debt levels.
    7. Given weakness in USA, Europe, China and Japan, India may become a favorite again among Emerging Markets for FII flows into equity and debt.
  • The outlook on USA equities is bearish on fears of slowing growth, govt. uncertainty and rising interest rates. The tariff war is more harmful to American business, and the Trump brand is causing uncertainty.
  • In Fig 4 India on average has seen 12% growth in 4 years, lower than the long term Sensex average of 13-14%. We expect a mean reversion to higher levels.
  • This market needs patience 
  • Post elections, we project a return to Risk-On for Indian stock markets. Long term investors can expect markets to be weak in H1 CY2019 and a recovery post elections.

We wish our readers a happy and prosperous new year!

Disclaimers

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Punit Jain has no shareholding in any listed firm mentioned in this article. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an independent expert/advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst and compliant with SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

The NBFC sector selloff – is it overdone?

In the last few weeks, shares of some NBFC/BFSI stocks have fallen between 15-60%. Here we try to find out the key causes, possible timelines and suggest next steps for investors. 

The recent developments in Indian Banking Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) sector have created a fear of systemic risks – causing stocks in general, specifically NBFCs, to correct sharply.

The IL&FS Default

  • IL&FS is a core investment firm and the holding company of the Group with firms in infra, finance, social and environmental services. IL&FS is a “systemically important” NBFC firm as per RBI.
  • In Sep2018 IL&FS Financial Services, a group firm, defaulted in payment obligations of bank loans, term and short-term deposits. It failed to meet the commercial paper (CP) redemption due on Sept 14, 2018. After this ICRA downgraded the ratings of its short-term & long-term borrowing programs.
  • The short-term paper of IL&FS saw a credit rating fall to a rating of D on 17 Sept (indicating default), down from a rating of A4 (as on 8 Sept) and A1+ (as on 6 Aug). Similarly, ILFS Financial Services short-term paper credit rating fell to ‘D’ on 17 Sept, down from A4 (as on 8 Sept) and A1+ (19 Feb).
  • Infra sector in India does face challenges like long gestation periods, low returns, and funding issues. Investments in infra should be financed by long gestation sources like insurance and pension funds.

Spill over effect on equity market

  • IL&FS has total debt of Rs. 91,000 cr. at the group level from 350+ direct and indirect subsidiaries, JV’s and associate companies. Of this debt, 61% is in the form of loans from financial institutions, indicating its woes could spread to other shadow banks.
  • Fresh inflows into MFs, especially into debt funds, slowed, and debt fund managers began to adopt a “wait and watch” policy on deploying fresh funds. A few MFs started selling short term debt instruments issued by NBFC companies including those funding the housing sector. There are concerns over short-term liquidity in the market for CPs raised by NBFCs. Further, there is also an uncertainty about the ability of certain NBFCs to raise capital.
  • Fresh bond issuances by NBFCs declined and the costs of borrowing rose. Post the default, there was a sharp decline in bond prices for HFCs which brought funding/liquidity situation of NBFCs into fresh scrutiny. This resulted in a sharp sell-offs in anticipation of rising borrowing costs, tightening liquidity situation which could impact growth sharply in turn also. Hence there was a double blow to stock price targets from earnings downgrade as well as valuation multiples downgrade (faltering growth).

What added fuel to fire?

The macro is also seeing headwinds such as:

  1. The NPA issues around Public Sector Banks (already under resolution)
  2. High Crude Oil Prices and Depreciating Rupee against USD
  3. Consistent selloff by FIIs of debt & equity; and Trade War fears
  4. Regulatory Whip on private banks – Yes Bank, Kotak Mah. Bank, Axis Bank and Bandhan Bank
  5. The merger of 3 PSBs
  6. Upcoming State and General Elections
  7. Market Rumors causing volatility
  8. Mid-year cash flow issues due to advance tax and bank repayments

Regulatory Rescue and other Positives  

  • The RBI, Finance Ministry and MCA have stepped in quickly to avert a crisis. They  took control of IL&FS, and with NCLT approval, reconstituted the board and it is now headed by Uday Kotak as chairman. The new board is focused on turning around the operations of IL&FS soon.
  • The RBI will infuse Rs. 36,000 crores through open market purchase of bonds to ease liquidity concerns.
  • A reduction in excise duty was announced to reduce petrol & diesel costs.
  • The RBI MPC kept interests rates unchanged, indicating that inflation is under control and giving a thrust to economic growth.
  • Domestic liquidity and growth of MFs was strong recently and should continue.
  • India’s GDP grew at 8.2% cent in Q1 of FY19. This is an outstanding number,the highest growth in two years. Surely the growth will also reflect in the BFSI sector, as this sector addresses both consumer and industrial credit.

Which stocks got affected the most?

  • A lot of private sector banks and many of the HFCs from the NBFC space were affected. Here is how the share prices have moved in the last 1 year.

jainmatrix investments, nbfcFig 1 – One year Normalized Price Graph / Fig 2 – In Percentages jainmatrix investments, nbfcNote: The share prices in Fig 1 have been scaled for a better representation of relative movement of all the stocks over 1 year, which may not reflect the actual share price. The 9 stocks chosen above are an incomplete but sufficient representation of the sector. 

The Outlook

  • After a few weeks of uncertainty and liquidity dry-up, the financial system will surely rebound. Short term interest rates are firming up too.
  • IL&FS may undergo a restructuring; a fresh infusion of funds – maybe a rights issue and a sale of assets will help the firm meet its debt obligations. Some strategic announcements should happen in 1-2 months.
  • The developments around IL&FS and the macro economy do call for a correction in stock prices. However the correction has been overdone in BFSI/NBFC stocks.
  • Long term investors should look at selectively accumulating the beaten down quality stocks when some signs of recovery are in place.

Appendix / Legend – Sorry we keep using shortforms

  • BFSI – Banking Financial Services and Insurance
  • NBFC – Non banking Financial Services company
  • CP – Commercial Paper
  • HFCs – Housing Finance companies, a type of NBFC
  • RBI – Reserve Bank of India – India’s Central Bank and regulator for banking sector
  • MPC – Monetary Policy Committee, a group from RBI
  • FIIs – Foreign Institutional Investors
  • MF – Mutual Fund Industry
  • NPA – Non Performing Assets
  • NCLT – National Company Law Tribunal, is a quasi-judicial body in India that adjudicates issues relating to Indian companies.

Disclaimer 

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Punit Jain has positions in some of the firms mentioned in this report. JM objective is to draw attention to the sector rather than any specific stock. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an Investment Advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JM at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

This market needs Patience

Dear investor,

You got into an amusement park. And decided to take a peaceful ride, say a merry go round. You sat down, and found to your surprise that you are actually on a High Thrill Ride, buckled in, and you cant get off.

The market today is a little bit like this ride – it can be described as a Bull market undergoing a correction.

I would like you to see this 20 minute YouTube video. Its an interview with a great Indian investor, Mr Raamdeo Agrawal. The video in Hindi describes his own journey and has important lessons for the long term investor.

(Credits – thanks to Mr. Raamdeo Agrawal and CNBC Awaaz for this content).

Think of this market correction as an opportunity. Your already invested portfolio will recover soon. In fact it is time for you to confidently continue your investing in a market looking more reasonable. 

JainMatrix Investments provides 3 Model portfolios – Large Cap, Mid & Small Cap and Satellite portfolio. These solid research backed portfolios are all you need for your long term investments.

You just need to stay calm and ride out this high thrill ride. To meet your goals. 

Here’s to your Happy and profitable investing.

Punit Jain
JainMatrix InvestmentsBangalore

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DISCLAIMER

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an Investment Advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

HDFC AMC IPO – A Quality Asset

  • Date 24th July; IPO Opens 25-27th July at Rs. 1095-1100
  • Valuations: P/E 32.3 times TTM, P/B 10.7 times (Post IPO)
  • Mid Cap: Rs. 23,300 cr. Mkt cap
  • Industry – Asset Management
  • SUBSCRIBE for the IPO

Summary

  • Overview: HDFC AMC is the #2 player among AMCs by AUM and #1 by profits. HDFC operates as a JV between HDFC and Standard Life Investments. HDFC is one of India’s leading finance companies. Revenues and profit for FY18 were Rs. 1,867 cr. and Rs. 722 cr. HDFC revenues, EBITDA and PAT grew at 19.9%, 19.2% and 19.1% CAGR in 5 years. The Indian mutual fund industry is expected to grow at a CAGR of 20% between FY18 and FY22, due to buoyant capital markets, and a shift from physical to financial assets. Valuations in terms of P/E are 32.3 times, P/B at 10.7 times and market cap/AUM at 8% are high. However we have seen that in emerging sectors/ industries the excelling high quality players can command very high valuations. So a good track record, robust financial performance, sectoral tailwinds, reputed management team and good promoter identity makes this IPO attractive.
  • Risks: 1) High Valuations 2) Regulatory risks 3) Competition can impact margins 4) Macro concerns
  • Opinion: Investors can SUBSCRIBE to this IPO with a 3 year perspective.

Here is a note on HDFC Asset Management Company (HDFC) IPO.

IPO highlights

  • The IPO opens: 25-27th July 2018 with the Price band: Rs. 1095-1100 per share.
  • Shares offered to public number 2.54 crore. The FV of each is Rs. 5 and market Lot is 13.
  • The IPO is of Rs. 2,800 cr. for 12% equity by current promoters HDFC Ltd. and Standard Life Investments UK, with no dilution. HDFC Ltd. and Standard Life are selling 4.05% and 7.96% of shares.
  • The Promoter group (HDFC and Standard Life) own 95% in HDFC which will fall to 83% post-IPO, ie. 53% and 30% in resp. HDFC is a well-known Indian NBFC and is the holding company into financing the purchase or construction of houses, commercial real estate, etc. in India.
  • The IPO share quotas for QIB, NIB and retail are in ratio of 50:15:35.
  • The unofficial/ grey market premium for this IPO is Rs. 370-380/share. This is a positive.

Introduction to HDFC AMC

  • HDFC AMC is a leading Indian asset management firm into Mutual Funds and PMS Advisory. It is a JV between HDFC Ltd and Standard Life Investments. HDFC Ltd. is a leading Indian housing finance firm.
  • Revenues and profit were Rs. 1,867 cr. and Rs. 722 cr. for FY18. It has 1,010 employees out of which 58% are in sales and 29% are in client services. It had an AUM of Rs. 2,92,000 cr. in FY18. It is the most profitable AMC in India. It is the largest AMC in India in terms of equity-oriented assets and has consistently been among the top 2 AMCs in India in terms of total average AUM since Aug 2008.
  • The equity-oriented and non-equity-oriented assets are Rs. 1,50,000 cr. and Rs. 1,42,273 cr. resp. of total AUM. HDFC AUM has grown at 25.5% CAGR over FY13-18. Their proportion of equity-oriented AUM to total AUM is 51.3%, higher than the industry average of 43.2%. As equity schemes have a higher fee structure compared to non-equity schemes, the product mix helps achieve higher profits.
  • The market share of AUM is 13.7% and of active equity AUM is16.8% among AMCs see Fig 1c.
  • HDFC offers a large suite of savings and investment products across asset classes, which provide income and wealth creation opportunities to customers. In FY18, they offered 133 schemes classified as 27 equity-oriented schemes, 98 debt schemes (including 72 fixed maturity plans FMP), three liquid schemes, and 5 other schemes (including ETF schemes and funds of fund schemes).
  • This diversified product mix provides them with the flexibility to operate successfully across various market cycles, cater to a wide range of customers from individuals to institutions, address market fluctuations, reduce concentration risk in a particular asset class and work with diverse sets of distribution partners which helps them expand their reach.

jainmatrix investments, hdfc amc ipojainmatrix investments, hdfc amc ipoFig 1(a) – HDFC AUM split -June 2018 (b) HDFC Segment revenues c) Market share /Note – QAAUM is Quarterly Average AUM /Click to enlarge image view. 

  • HDFC also provides portfolio management and segregated account services, including discretionary, non-discretionary and advisory services, to high networth individuals (HNIs), family offices, domestic corporates, trusts, provident funds and domestic and global institutions. As of FY18, they managed AUM of Rs. 6,474 cr. as part of their PMS and segregated accounts services’ business.
  • HDFC had a total of Live Accounts of 81 lakh as of FY18, and their Monthly Average AUM from individuals was 62.2% of their total MAAUM, compared to the industry average of 51.4%.
  • A key element of their strategy is to promote a customer-centric culture that spans across all aspects of their business. As of FY18, they served customers in over 200 cities through their pan-India network of 209 branches (and a Dubai office) and service centers of their registrar and transfer agent, which is supported by a network of 65,000 empaneled distribution partners across India, consisting of independent financial advisors, national distributors and banks.
  • Leadership is Deepak Parekh (Chairman), Keki Mistry (Non-Exec Director), Milind Barve (MD), Prashant Jain (CIO) and Piyush Surana (CFO).

Promoter – HDFC Ltd and Group – Snapshot and Financials

  • The HDFC group is a known financial conglomerate in India, with presence in housing finance, banking, life and non-life insurance, asset management, real estate funds and education finance. Listed companies of the group include HDFC Ltd., HDFC Bank, HDFC Standard Life Insurance Co. and GRUH Finance. HDFC Ltd is the holding company and is also engaged in financing the purchase or construction of residential houses and commercial real estate.
  • Income and PAT has grown at 14.1% and 19.5% CAGR resp. over 5 years.

jainmatrix investments, hdfc amc ipoFig 2 – HDFC Financials

  • HDFC Ltd. share price gained 19.5% CAGR over the last 5 years and CMP is Rs 1,970.
  • HDFC Ltd. has visible signs of pick-up in demand for mortgage loan led by improving affordability, attractive incentive from PMAY scheme and introduction of RERA which augurs well for sustained growth in loan book for HDFC over the next 3-5 years. Further, the performance of its various financial business subsidiaries/associates has improved substantially over the last few quarters.
  • The key risks are 1) Aggressive competition among the HFCs 2) Unstable interest rate environment.
  • HDFC has a market cap of Rs 3,33,106 cr. to be ranked #6 in India.
  • HDFC is a prestigious group with good ethics. It has rewarded shareholders and performed well over decades. The listed subsidiaries of HDFC Ltd. have generally retained these qualities.

News, Updates and Strategies of HDFC AMC

  • The average cost of acquisition of equity shares for HDFC ltd. has been Rs 19.53 over 2000-18 and for Standard Life Investments it is Rs 15.01 over same period.
  • HDFC’s business strategy is as follows: 1) Maintain strong investment performance 2) Expand their reach and distribution channels 3) Enhancement of product portfolio. 4) Invest in digital platforms to establish leadership in the growing digital space.
  • HDFC has grown by acquisition, taking over Morgan Stanley AMC (2014) and Zurich India MF (2003).
  • HDFC AMC sold its shares worth almost Rs 150 cr. to distributors in April 2018 before the upcoming IPO. These shares were offered to 190 distributors and advisers at Rs. 1,050/share. But SEBI in July 2018 directed HDFC to scrap this placement and to return the money it had collected with a 12% interest. These shares were then acquired by PE firm KKR paving the clearances for the IPO. Prior to the share allotment, HDFC had sought approval for a special quota for distributors in its IPO, but SEBI rejected the proposal then because it was against a separate quota for distributors.

MF Industry Outlook in India

  • The economy has seen financial events such as demonetization, RERA implementation, GST and a crackdown on black money and shell companies. All these have rekindled interest in financial assets as compared to real estate and gold which were the most popular earlier.
  • Penetration of equities remains low, with only 2% of population having a demat or equity /MF ownership. Gold & real estate hold a large proportion of savings but have generated weak returns.
  • The regulations and disclosures around MFs have ensured good traceability and audit trails. SEBI has promoted MFs as good entry level equity and debt products, and MF asset growth has been good.
  • The MF industry’s AUM grew at a CAGR of 24.9% from Rs. 7 lakh cr. in FY13 to Rs. 21.4 lakh cr. as of Mar 2018, supported by strong investor inflows of Rs. 9 lakh cr. FY17 & FY18 have been remarkable for the industry, attracting around 68% of the Rs. 9 lakh cr. net inflow, with equities leading the charge. Equity-oriented funds (including balanced and excluding ETFs) attracted 60% of the total net inflows in FY17 & FY18. Supported by these strong inflows, growing participation from individual investors and rising equities, the assets surged 42.3% in FY17 and 21.7% in FY18. During FY18, the fresh investments in MFs grew by 22.2% to Rs. 3.9 lakh cr. in the FY 2018.
  • The growth in the AUM has been supported by a favorable macro environment, the rising of capital markets, foreign fund inflows as well as growing investor awareness.
  • Today there are 41 AMCs operating comprising 7 promoted by PSB’s, 2 by financial institutions, 25 by private sector and 7 by foreign players (including JV’s). The Indian MF industry is concentrated with the 10 large AMCs having 80% of the industry AUM. ICICI Prudential AMC, HDFC, Reliance, Birla Sun Life and SBI Funds are the 5 largest with 57% of AUM.
  • The MF industry is expected to grow at a CAGR of 20% between FY18-22, with the AUM expected to grow to Rs. 45 lakh cr. by Mar 2022. Growth rates are expected to be higher in FY19 due to buoyant capital markets and increase in retail participation, after which it may taper down. Stock broking firms too perform very well when markets are in a bullish phase.
  • Global asset management firms have struggled in India as independent MF firms. Many sold out and exited. They have had a better success rate on partnering with Indian firms as the MF JV promoter.
  • India’s MF penetration (AUM to GDP) at 12.8% is much lower than the world average of 62% and also lower than developed economies like US (101%), France (76%), Canada (65%) and UK (57%) and even emerging economies like Brazil (59%) and South Africa (49%). This is expected to grow fast.

Financials of HDFC

  • HDFC revenues, EBITDA and PAT grew at 19.9%, 19.2% and 19.1% CAGR in 5 years, see Fig 3.
  • Margins for 5 years are flat but high double digits due to good exposure to equity assets. Given the high revenue growth, flat margin is a good achievement. Absolute profits have grown fast.
  • HDFC had a RoE of 33.4% in FY18 and RoCE of 49.1%. The return ratios are high and excellent.
  • HDFC paid dividends of Rs. 405 cr. in FY18 (including DDT). The dividend payout ratio is high at 56%.
  • HDFC has been Free Cash Flow positive in the last 5 years. This is good CF management, see Fig 4.
  • 76% of the pre IPO equity shares have been pledged by a non-promoter shareholder. None of the shares held by the promoter or promoter group have been pledged.
  • The issue has been priced at Rs. 1,100 share which translates to a P/E of 32.3 times. The market cap/AUM is 8%. This is aggressive and makes the issue expensive.

jainmatrix investments, hdfc amc ipoFig 3 – Financials, Fig 4 – HDFC Cash Flow jainmatrix investments, hdfc amc ipo

Benchmarking

We benchmark HDFC against other Indian and global AMCs. See Exhibit 5. Only Reliance Nippon is a pure AMC, other Indian firms have NBFC and broking businesses. US firms are for comparison.

  • The asking PE and P/B is high. HDFC has moderate 3 year sales and PAT growth. The NBFC business segments of Indian firms has allowed faster growth.
  • The Debt is low, but again for non AMC business, the debt is necessary so it not comparable.
  • The margins are at the higher end amongst most peers from the industry. This is a positive.
  • The return ratios historically also have been very high and robust among comparable peers.
  • Note – The USA companies data is for CY2017, Exchange rate is Rs/$ of Rs 68.

jainmatrix investments, hdfc amc ipo Exhibit 5 – Benchmarking

Positives for HDFC and the IPO

  • HDFC has a market leadership in the Indian MF industry of #2 on AUM and #1 on equity AUM. Their market share of total AUM was 13.7% and of actively managed equity-oriented AUM was 16.8%.
  • HDFC has a trusted brand and strong parentage of HDFC group. The holding company and the 3 other listed group firms have done well on the stock markets. HDFC Standard Life Insurance Co was the most recent to list in Nov 2017. It has also done well post listing, up 65% on IPO price.
  • HDFC MFs have performed well with a solid approach, philosophy and risk management.
  • HDFC has a superior and diversified product mix distributed through a multi-channel distribution network. Their product mix enables them to operate through various market cycles, cater to specific customer requirements and reduce concentration risk. Strong distribution relationships also ensure the commitment of the channels for new launches and investor support and confidence.
  • HDFC has consistently had assets and profit growth.
  • HDFC has an experienced and stable management & investment teams.

Risks and Negatives for HDFC and the IPO

  • The valuations are high in terms of P/E, P/B and market cap/AUM.
  • HDFC had overextended its distributor benefits pre-IPO, and was ordered by SEBI to avoid a conflict of interest and revoke the distributor allotment of shares. HDFC realizes the importance of distributors, but needs to take care to not cross the legal or market accepted limits.
  • The global macros are looking cloudy. Trade war tensions between USA – China can escalate. A diplomatic conflict with Iran is playing out. Oil prices are trending higher. Brexit threatens the UK economy. Europe and the Euro are looking weak with poor economic outcomes for the region. In this situation a sharp deterioration on any of these parameters can affect Indian investment climate.
  • AMCs are closely regulated by SEBI and is subject to changes or tightening of norms. For example in July 2014, the holding period for long-term capital gains tax on debt MFs was increased from 12 to 36 months. It is possible that regulatory changes can affect their business in future.
  • SEBI in Oct 2017 issued a circular to categorize and rationalize the MF schemes. MFs are classified into 5 groups, i.e., equity, debt, hybrid, solution oriented and other schemes. These 5 groups have 36 categories of schemes, and only 1 scheme per category is permitted by a MF. This has resulted in many MF schemes being merged, renamed and repurposed in the industry. HDFC has complied with the SEBI changes, but the rationalization may have a adverse impact on their brands and business.
  • Competition from existing and new MFs could reduce their market share or put pressure the fees.
  • The tax on Long term Capital Gains from equity was introduced in budget 2018 in Feb at 10%, from zero earlier. This caused a correction in markets, particularly the mid and small cap stocks.
  • Competition to the MF industry is from alternatives like the PMS industry, AIF/ Hedge Funds, Private equity markets and direct equity advisory services. Many of these are the next steps for MF investors after they have started their investment journey with MFs.
  • HDFC has defocused from PMS and other segments and appears to focus on Mutual Funds.

Overall Opinion and Recommendation

  • In India there is a massive trend of financialization of assets, a move away from physical / guaranteed assets like real estate, gold and FDs, towards equity and debt.
  • The MF industry is witnessing a massive growth with total AUM’s growing rapidly in the last 10 years. The number of new investors and their portfolios has grown significantly from retail investors. In fact the domestic driven MF industry has emerged as a foil to the FII investors in India.
  • The #2 player by AUM, HDFC AMC is well managed financially, has a great brand, high margins and return ratios, low CAPEX and cost structure.
  • Valuations look high in terms of PE 32.3 times, P/B 10.7 times and market cap/AUM at 8%. However we have seen that in emerging sectors/ industries the excelling high quality players can command very high valuations (think Avenue Supermarts in Retail and group firm GRUH Finance in rural home loans). HDFC certainly faces high competition, but can pull ahead and become #1 by AUM in the next few years. So a good track record, robust financial performance, sectoral tailwinds, reputed management team and strong promoter identity makes this IPO attractive.
  • Opinion: Investors can SUBSCRIBE to this IPO.

Disclaimer

This document has been prepared by JainMatrix Investments Bangalore (JM), and is meant for use by the recipient only as information and is not for circulation. This document is not to be reported or copied or made available to others without prior permission of JM. It should not be considered or taken as an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered to be reliable. However, JM has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the same. JM has no stake ownership or known financial interests in HDFC AMC. He has a stake in HDFC Bank. Punit Jain may apply for this IPO in the Retail category. Neither JM nor any of its affiliates, its directors or its employees accepts any responsibility of whatsoever nature for the information, statements and opinion given, made available or expressed herein or for any omission therein. Recipients of this report should be aware that past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and value of investments can go down as well. The suitability or otherwise of any investments will depend upon the recipient’s particular circumstances and, in case of doubt, advice should be sought from an Investment Advisor. Punit Jain is a registered Research Analyst under SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations, 2014. JM has been publishing equity research reports since Nov 2012. Any questions should be directed to the director of JainMatrix Investments at punit.jain@jainmatrix.com.

Here’s a Great Construction Achievement

Every once in a while, I come across an event or achievement that worth appreciating. Here is one such incident. It is terrific of Indian Railways to be able to do this.

Indian Railways sets record, builds subway at a busy track in 5 hrs; watch video

See LINK

Regards, Punit Jain

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